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Useful Temperate Plants

Calceolaria andina

Benth.

Calceolariaceae

+ Synonyms

Calceolaria secunda Witasek

Fagelia andina (Benth.) Kuntze

Common Name:

Calceolaria andina
Flowering plants in the Botanischen Garten Dresden, Germany
Photograph by: Michael Wolf
Creative Commons License
Calceolaria andina Calceolaria andina

General Information

Calceolaria andina is a perennial plant with stems that become more or less woody and persist; it forms compact rosettes of leathery leaves and flowering stems, growing 10 - 50cm tall.
The plant is a rich source of naphthoquinones, which are effective pesticides.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

Range

S. America - Chile, Argentina.

Habitat

Amongst dry rocks and on scree; at elevations from 800 - 2,700 metres.

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitShrub
Height0.20 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Calceolaria andina is a plant of moderate to high elevations in the Andes of Chile and Argentina. It is said to be able to withstand occasional temperatures falling as low as -5°c[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. It can be grown outdoors in the milder regions of the temperate zone.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The dried plant contains up to 5% naphthoquinones. These compounds have been shown to be very effective as pesticides against reatures such as whitefly, aphids and spider mites[
1119
Title
Andes Flower is Champion Pestkiller
Publication
New Scientist; 20th January 1996
Author
Coghlan A.
Publisher
 
Year
1996
ISBN
 
Description
An article on the use of compounds in Calceolaria andina that are effectivre pesticides
]. The compounds appear to be harmless to beneficial insects such as ladybirds and also to break down quickly in the soil[
1119
Title
Andes Flower is Champion Pestkiller
Publication
New Scientist; 20th January 1996
Author
Coghlan A.
Publisher
 
Year
1996
ISBN
 
Description
An article on the use of compounds in Calceolaria andina that are effectivre pesticides
].

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse.
Division in spring.

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