Brassica ovalis (Viv.) B.D.Jacks.
Bunias americana Raf.
Bunias cakile L.
Bunias littoralis Salisb.
Bunias ovalis Viv.
Cakile aegyptica (L.) Maire & Weiller
Cakile aegyptica Pignatti
Cakile baltica Jord. ex Pobed.
Cakile bauhinii Jord.
Cakile cakile (L.) H.Karst.
Cakile crenata Jord.
Cakile cyrenaica Spreng.
Cakile edentula Jord.
Cakile euxina Pobed.
Cakile hispanica Jord.
Cakile latifolia (Desf.) Poir.
Cakile littoralis Jord.
Cakile monosperma Lange
Cakile pinnatifida Stokes
Cakile serapionis Gaertn.
Cakile sinuatifolia Stokes
Crucifera cakile E.H.L.Krause
Isatis aegyptica L.
Isatis pinnata Forssk.
Rapistrum cakile (L.) Bergeret
Rapistrum cakile (L.) Crantz
Rapistrum maritimum (Scop.) Bergeret ex DC.
Common Name: Sea Rocket
Cakile maritima is an annual plant with a prostrate or ascending, branched stem growing from a very long, slender taproot; it can grow 15 - 45cm tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as food.
Eurasia - mainly in coastal areas - Norway, south to Spain and east to the Caucasus, Iran. Israel, Syria; N. Africa - Macaronesia, Morocco to Egypt
Sandy and shingly places all around the coast[
|Pollinators||Bees, Flies, Beetles, Lepidoptera
Prefers a light well-drained soil and a sunny position[
]. Plants are easily grown in a garden situation and can self-sow if the ground is disturbed by hoeing etc[
This species is closely related to Cakile edentula, which is native to N. America[
The seed is often dispersed by floating in sea water[
Leaves, stems, flower buds and immature seedpods - raw or cooked. They are rich in vitamin C but have a very bitter taste[
]. Used mainly as a flavouring[
]. Very young leaves can be added to salads whilst older leaves can be mixed with milder tasting leaves and used as a potherb[
Root - dried and ground into a powder, then mixed with cereal flours and used to make bread[
]. A famine food, it is only used in times of scarcity[
The seed contains a fatty oil[
]. No more details are given.
Seed - sow late spring or early autumn in situ. Germination is usually rapid.