Bupleurum perfoliatum Lam.
Diatropa rotundifolia (L.) Dumort.
Common Name: Hare's Ear
Bupleurum rotundifolium is an erect, annual plant with a stem that usually branches in its upper part; it can grow 15 - 75cm tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and a medicine
Europe - Spain to southern Russia, south to Italy and Greece; W. Asia - Caucasus; N. Africa - Algeria
Cornfields, waste places and waysides, often as a weed of cultivated land[
]. Fields, fallow land, populated areas, apparently always as a weed[
Requires a well-drained soil and a sunny position[
Leaves - raw or cooked[
]. Added to salads or used as a pot-herb[
]. The leaves are also used as a spice[
According to the Flora of China[
] there are around 180 accepted species of Bupleurum (as of 2013) of which 42 species (22 of them endemic) are found in China. Most, if not all of these Chinese species are used medicinally, with two of them (Bupleurum chinense and Bupleurum scorzonerifolium being some of the most important and widely used herbs in Chinese Herbal medicine[
Other species in the genus also have medicinal potential. The roots of Bupleurum species in general contain a range of medicinally active compounds including saponins, sterols, lignans, flavonoids, coumarins, polysaccharides and essential oils[
Traditionally the root is used to regulate the metabolism, for the treatment of fever, pain and inflammation associated with influenza and the common cold. In addition, Bupleurum species are also used as analgesics in the treatment of distending pain in the hypochondriac region of the upper abdomen and against amenorrhoea. Many Bupleuri extracts have been used for improvement and protection against chronic hepatitis, nephrotic syndrome and autoimmune diseases[
Recorded below are the specific medicinal uses we have come across for this species. Many of the Bupleurum species not included in the database are likely to also have a range of potential applications[
A tincture of the leaves has been used in the treatment of wounds[
Seed - sow spring in situ.