Bulbocastanum balearicum Sennen
Bulbocastanum linnaei Schur
Bulbocastanum mediterraneum Albert
Bunium agrarium Albert
Bunium aphyllum Jan ex DC.
Bunium bulbosum Dulac
Bunium collinum Albert
Bunium majus Vill.
Bunium mediterraneum Albert
Bunium minus Gouan
Carum bulbocastanum (L.) Koch
Carvi bulbocastanum (L.) Bubani
Conopodium balearicum (Sennen) M.Hiroe
Ligusticum bulbocastanum Crantz
Pimpinella bulbocastanum (L.) Stokes
Pimpinella bulbocastanum Jess.
Scandix bulbocastanum Moench
Selinum bulbocastanum E.H.L.Krause
Sium bulbocastanum Spreng.
Common Name: Pig Nut
Bunium bulbocastanum is an erect, herbaceous perennial plant producing a single stem 30 - 70cm tall from a single, underground tuber that is up to 25mm in diameter[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and a medicine. It has, in the past, been cultivated for its tuber[
Europe - Britain to Germany, south to Spain and Italy; N. Africa - Morocco
Rough grassland and banks on chalk[
The pig nut has at times been cultivated for its edible root[
]. Although quite small in the wild, there is a potential to improve the size of this root through selective breeding and cultivation.
Tubers - raw or cooked[
]. A delicious taste very much like sweet chestnuts when cooked[
], but the tubers are very small and fiddly to harvest[
Seed and flowers. Used as a flavouring[
], they are a cumin substitute[
Leaves - raw or cooked. They are used as a garnish and a flavouring in much the same way as parsley[
The tuber is astringent[
Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. The seedlings only have one cotyledon[
]. Germination is usually free and quick, prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow on for their first season in pots. Plant them out into their final positions when dormant in the autumn.
The seed can also be sown in situ, but this is best done only if you have lots of seed since far fewer plants will result.