Aegonychon arvense (L.) Gray
Lithospermum arvense L.
Margarospermum arvense (L.) Decne.
Rhytispermum arvense (L.) Link
Rhytispermum medium Fourr.
Common Name: Field Gromwell
Buglossoides arvensis is an erect, annual plant usually growing 10 - 50cm tall, occasionally to 90cm. The stem is usually unbranched, sometimes few-branched[
The plant is being developed as a potential commercial crop to supply essential fatty acids for the human diet[
Buglossoides arvensis was a well known weed of spring cereals until the extensive use of winter varieties and herbicides made it much rarer.
Almost throughout Europe; W. Asia - the Caucasus, Turkey, Syria and Lebanon; N. Africa - Macaronesis, Morocco, Algeria
A weed of arable fields, rough ground and open grassy places[
]. Stony slopes, pastures, waste lands, sands, steppes, rarely in forest zone, oases, mountain slopes[
Prefers a moderately fertile well-drained soil[
An oil obtained from the seed is a rich source of stearidonic acid (SDA), which is a key precursor in the biosynthesis of long chain, omega-3, polyunsaturated fatty acids. These essential fatty acids, which are commonly found in fish oils, play an essentail role in human metabolism[
An infusion of the leaves is used as a diuretic[
Seed - sow spring in situ. Germination should take place within a few weeks.