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Useful Temperate Plants

Bromus rigidus

Roth

Poaceae

+ Synonyms

Anisantha diandra rigida (Roth) Tzvelev

Anisantha hispanica (Rivas Ponce) Holub

Anisantha rigida (Roth) Hyl.

Bromus ambigens Jord.

Bromus asperipes Jord.

Bromus diandrus asperipes (Jord.) Soó

Bromus diandrus maximus (Desf.) Soó

Bromus diandrus rigidus (Roth) Bab.

Bromus diandrus rigidus (Roth) O.Bolòs

Bromus gussonei rigidus (Roth) H.Lindb.

Bromus hispanicus Rivas Ponce

Bromus indicus Steud.

Bromus madritensis Cav. ex Kunth

Bromus madritensis rigidus (Roth) Bab. ex Syme

Bromus maximus Desf.

Bromus maximus minor Boiss.

Bromus megalanthus Keng

Bromus nitidus E.D.Clarke

Bromus rubens Host

Bromus rubens maximus (Desf.) Fiori

Bromus rubens rigidus (Roth) Mutel

Bromus sterilis maximus (Desf.) Kuntze

Bromus sterilis rigidus (Roth) Kuntze

Bromus villosus ambigens (Jord.) Asch. & Graebn.

Bromus villosus maximus (Desf.) Asch. & Graebn.

Bromus villosus rigidus (Roth) Asch. & Graebn.

Forasaccus maximus (Desf.) Bubani

Genea maxima (Desf.) Dumort.

Genea rigens (Roth) Dumort.

Genea rigida (Roth) Dumort.

Common Name: Ripgut Brome

No Image.

General Information

Bromus rigidus is an erect, annual grass producing a cluster of stems 20 - 70cm tall[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a food.
Bromus rigidus is a widespread weed, its seed able to be carried long distances by means such as contamination of cereal crops, attachment to clothing and animal fur.. It is considered to be a noxious weed in agricultural and horticultural crops in the Mediterranean area where crop losses of 40 - 80% have been experienced. The main crops affected are wheat, barley and crops in rotation with cereals such as sugarbeet, sunflower, chickpea, faba bean and lentils[
1093
Title
Invasive Species Compendium
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cabi.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An immense resource - in depth information on over 900 species of invasive plants (it also has information on animals, fungi etc).
].

Known Hazards

In pastures, the sharply pointed base of the 'seeds' penetrate eyes, mouth and feet of animals and working dogs, hence the name 'ripgut brome'[
1093
Title
Invasive Species Compendium
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cabi.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An immense resource - in depth information on over 900 species of invasive plants (it also has information on animals, fungi etc).
].

Botanical References

17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
,
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

Mediterranean region from Macaronesia to the Levant; southern Europe - Portugal to Greece; W. Asia - Turkey, Caucasus, Iran

Habitat

Waste places on sandy shores in the Channel Islands, a casual in other parts of Britain[
17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
]. Streamsides and moist places, at elevations around 1,000 metres[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Edibility Rating *
HabitAnnual
Height1.00 m
PollinatorsWind, Cleistogamous
Self-fertileYes
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Succeeds in ordinary well-drained garden soil in a sunny position[
138
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Bird. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1989
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
In addition to open-pollinated flowers, the plant also has cleistogamous flowers - these do not open but produce seed by means of self-fertilization.

Edible Uses

Seed[
161
Title
Food Plants of the N. American Indians. Publication no. 237.
Publication
 
Author
Yanovsky. E.
Publisher
U.S. Depf of Agriculture.
Year
 
ISBN
-
Description
A comprehensive but very terse guide. Not for the casual reader.
,
177
Title
Plants for Human Consumption.
Publication
 
Author
Kunkel. G.
Publisher
Koeltz Scientific Books
Year
1984
ISBN
3874292169
Description
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of Latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
]. Used as a piñole, or dried then ground into a powder and mixed with water to make a gruel[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
]. The seed is small and would be rather fiddly to use[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - sow spring or autumn in situ and only just cover. Germination should take place within 2 weeks.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2018-10-18. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Bromus+rigidus>

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