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Useful Temperate Plants

Bromus japonicus

Houtt.

Poaceae

+ Synonyms

Bromus abolinii Drobow

Bromus anatolicus Boiss. & Heldr.

Bromus annuus Jacq. ex Stapf

Bromus arvensis japonicus (Houtt.) Fiori

Bromus barobalianus G.Singh

Bromus chapprianus Stapf

Bromus chiapporianus De Not. ex Nyman

Bromus cyrii Trin.

Bromus erectus aequifolius Nees

Bromus hirtus Licht.

Bromus japonicus Thunb.

Bromus karlobagensis Degen

Bromus kochii C.C.Gmel.

Bromus patulus Mert. & W.D.J.Koch

Bromus pendulus Schur

Bromus phrygius Boiss.

Bromus regnii H.Scholz

Bromus squarrosus cyrii (Trin.) Griseb.

Bromus squarrosus patulus (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Regel

Bromus subsquarrosus Borbás

Bromus ugamicus Drobow

Bromus unilateralis Schur

Bromus vestitus minor Nees

Bromus vestitus purpurascens Nees

Bromus villiferus Steud.

Forasaccus patulus (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Bubani

Serrafalcus chiapporianus De Not. ex Parl.

Serrafalcus japonicus (Houtt.) Wilmott

Serrafalcus patulus (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Parl.

Common Name: Japanese Chess

No Image.

General Information

Bromus japonicus is an erect, annual to biennial grass that can grow 40 - 90cm tall[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food.
Bromus japonicus is introduced and invasive in rangelands in central and western North America, and a weed in wheat and other annual crops. It is an aggressive species that out-competes desirable vegetation for water and soil nutrients, thus reducing plant biodiversity. Invaded communities have reduced native vegetation cover and lower species richness than native rangelands. Seeds can remain viable in the soil for several years, making control difficult[
1093
Title
Invasive Species Compendium
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cabi.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An immense resource - in depth information on over 900 species of invasive plants (it also has information on animals, fungi etc).
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
204
Title
Flora of Canada
Publication
 
Author
Livingstone. B.
Publisher
National Museums of Canada
Year
1978
ISBN
0-660-00025-3
Description
In 4 volumes, it does not deal with plant uses but gives descriptions and habitats.
,
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

Eurasia - France to southern Russia, eastwards through central Asia to China, Japan, Korea, Pakistan and India; Eastern Mediterranean.

Habitat

Fields and waste places, British Columbia, Alberta and Quebec[
204
Title
Flora of Canada
Publication
 
Author
Livingstone. B.
Publisher
National Museums of Canada
Year
1978
ISBN
0-660-00025-3
Description
In 4 volumes, it does not deal with plant uses but gives descriptions and habitats.
]. Forest margins, roadsides, waste ground, river beaches; at elevations from near sea level to 2,500 metres, occasionally to 3,500 metres[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Edibility Rating *  *
HabitAnnual/Biennial
Height0.70 m
PollinatorsWind
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Succeeds in a sunny position in most well-drained soils[
138
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Bird. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1989
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. When growing in dry climates, the plant may prefer rocky, shallow soil rather than fine-textured deep rock-free soil due to lesser evaporation loss from rocky soils[
1093
Title
Invasive Species Compendium
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cabi.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An immense resource - in depth information on over 900 species of invasive plants (it also has information on animals, fungi etc).
]. It has been recorded on reclaimed saline soil and can tolerate NaCl concentrations up to 0.7%[
1093
Title
Invasive Species Compendium
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cabi.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An immense resource - in depth information on over 900 species of invasive plants (it also has information on animals, fungi etc).
]

Edible Uses

Leaves[
177
Title
Plants for Human Consumption.
Publication
 
Author
Kunkel. G.
Publisher
Koeltz Scientific Books
Year
1984
ISBN
3874292169
Description
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of Latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
]. No more details.

Seed[
177
Title
Plants for Human Consumption.
Publication
 
Author
Kunkel. G.
Publisher
Koeltz Scientific Books
Year
1984
ISBN
3874292169
Description
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of Latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
,
179
Title
Famine Foods listed in the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao.
Publication
 
Author
Reid. B. E.
Publisher
Southern Materials Centre; Taipei
Year
1977
ISBN
-
Description
A translation of an ancient Chinese book on edible wild foods. Fascinating.
]. No more details are given, but the seed is very small and fiddly to utilize[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - sow spring or autumn in situ and only just cover. Germination should take place within 2 weeks.
If seed is in short supply it can be surface sown in a cold frame in early spring. When large enough to handle, prick out the seedlings into individual pots and plant them out in early summer.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2018-08-22. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Bromus+japonicus>

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