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Useful Temperate Plants

Bituminaria bituminosa

(L.) C.H.Stirt.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Aspalthium bituminosum (L.) Fourr.

Aspalthium bituminosum (L.) Medik.

Aspalthium palaestinum (Gouan) Medik.

Lotodes bituminosum (L.) Kuntze

Psoralea bituminosa L.

Psoralea palaestina Gouan

Rhynchodium bituminosum (L.) C.Presl

Common Name: Arabian Scurf-Pea

No Image.

General Information

Bituminaria bituminosa is a herbaceous perennial plant, though in mild winter climates it remains in growth all year round except in times of severe droughts[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It is used in projects to stabilize and restore mine wastes and is sometimes grown as an ornamental.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Macaronesia - Madeira, Canaries; Mediterranean - Spain to Greece, Morocco to Libya, Turkey to Egypt (Sinai)

Habitat

Not known

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Ornamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Bituminaria bituminosa is native to the Mediterranean region and warm temperate areas of southern Europe, where it can grow at elevations from sea level to more than 2,000 metres. Forms from the Canaries (often known as var albomarginata) are the least cold-hardy, the leaves being killed by mild frosts of short duration - though it will often regrow, Forms from higher elevations in the Mediterranean are known to tolerate temperatures falling to -10°c or even lower[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
]. Mean annual rainfall can be as low as 150mm in Macaronesia, whilst at higher elevaions in the Mediterranean it can exceed 1,000mm[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].
Requires a sunny position in a well-drained soil. Succeeds on poor sandy soils[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
]. It has a broad soil adaptation from deep sandy soils to stony shallow soils; however, in the Mediterranean basin, it is mostly found on alkaline soils. In the Canary Islands, Tederas can be found on soils with pH from 4.7 to 8.5[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
]. Established plants are very drought tolerant[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
]..
In milder climates the plant can flower all year round[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

All parts of the plant are used to relieve stomach cramps and intermittent fever[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].
The plant is used as a hair restoration agent in Madeira[
1324
Title
Phenolic composition, enzyme inhibitory, and antioxidant activity of Bituminaria bituminosa
Publication
Food Sci. Biotechnol. 25(5): 1299-1304 (2016)
Author
Cengiz Sarikurkcu; Mustafa Cengiz; Mehmet Cemil Uren; Olcay
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
1226-7708
Description
 
].

An Infusion of the fresh leaves is used for the treatment of fevers and urinary infections[
1324
Title
Phenolic composition, enzyme inhibitory, and antioxidant activity of Bituminaria bituminosa
Publication
Food Sci. Biotechnol. 25(5): 1299-1304 (2016)
Author
Cengiz Sarikurkcu; Mustafa Cengiz; Mehmet Cemil Uren; Olcay
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
1226-7708
Description
 
].

The plant has been reported to contain considerable quantities of phytochemicals that have pharmaceutical activities. These include furanocoumarins (such as psoralen, angelicin), pterocarpans (including erybraedin C, bitucarpin A), and flavonoids (including daidzin, isoorientin)[
1324
Title
Phenolic composition, enzyme inhibitory, and antioxidant activity of Bituminaria bituminosa
Publication
Food Sci. Biotechnol. 25(5): 1299-1304 (2016)
Author
Cengiz Sarikurkcu; Mustafa Cengiz; Mehmet Cemil Uren; Olcay
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
1226-7708
Description
 
].

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant is very tolerant of soils contaminated with various metals including copper, zinc and lead. It does not concentrate these contaminants in its leaves, and so cannot be used for phytoremediation, but is very useful for restoring soil structure and humus levels. It has proven to be very useful for stimulating growth of other plants (in particular Achnatherum miliaceum has been mentioned) that can remove these metals and thus enhances remediation of the soil[
1323
Title
Response of Piptatherum miliaceum to co-culture with a legume species for the phytostabilisation of trace elements c
Publication
J Soils Sediments; September 2015
Author
Arco-Lázaro E.; Martínez-Fernández D.; Ma Pilar Bernal; & Cl
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
DOI: 10.1007/s113
Description
 
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
The seed is covered by the fruit and can not be separated for sowing. Scarification of the fruit enables water to penetrate the fruit easily and imbibe the seeds. Approximately 70% of seeds are hard and do not imbibe. For experimental purposes a small scalpel cut that can reach the seed coat will improve imbibition and germination[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2021-03-02. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Bituminaria+bituminosa>

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