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Useful Temperate Plants

Barbarea orthoceras

Ledeb.

Brassicaceae

+ Synonyms

Barbarea americana Rydb.

Barbarea apoiensis Nakai

Barbarea cochlearifolia H.Boissieu

Barbarea hondoensis Nakai

Barbarea patens H.Boissieu

Barbarea pinnatifida H.Boissieu

Barbarea sibirica (Regel) Nakai

Barbarea stricta J.Fellm.

Barbarea vulgaris orthoceras (Ledeb.) Regel

Barbarea vulgaris pinnatifida Regel

Barbarea vulgaris sibirica (Regel) Kom.

Barbarea vulgaris tenella Regel

Campe americana (Rydb.) Cockerell ex Daniels

Campe orthoceras (Ledeb.) A.Heller

Sisymbrium japonicum H.Boissieu

Common Name: American Yellowrocket

Barbarea orthoceras
Flowering plant
Photograph by: Barry Breckling; CalPhotos
Creative Commons License
Barbarea orthoceras Barbarea orthoceras Barbarea orthoceras Barbarea orthoceras Barbarea orthoceras

General Information

Barbarea orthoceras is an erect, biennial to perennial plant growing from 10 - 100cm tall, but mainly from 20 - 60cm[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

43
Title
Gray's Manual of Botany.Eighth Edition
Publication
 
Author
Fernald. M. L.
Publisher
American Book Co.; New York
Year
1950
ISBN
0442222505
Description
A bit dated but a good and concise flora of the eastern part of N. America.
,
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.

Range

N. America - Alaska to Newfoundland, south to California, New Mexico; E. Asia - Siberia, Russian Far East, northern China, Japan, Korea.

Habitat

Banks of streams, in swamps or on wet rocks, Labrador to Alaska and south to California[
43
Title
Gray's Manual of Botany.Eighth Edition
Publication
 
Author
Fernald. M. L.
Publisher
American Book Co.; New York
Year
1950
ISBN
0442222505
Description
A bit dated but a good and concise flora of the eastern part of N. America.
]. Open grasslands, scree, temperate mixed forests, river and streamsides, moist grassy slopes; at elevations from 400 - 3,400 metres[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
HabitBiennial/Perennial
Height0.40 m
PollinatorsFlies, Bees, Beetles, Self
Self-fertileYes
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Barbarea orthoceras is mainly native to northern Asia and northern North America, where it will experience very cold winters. It also finds its way as far south as Taiwan in Asia and California and New Mexico in N. America. The further south it is found the higher the elevation at which it is likely to grow.
Species in this genus generally succeed in sun or shade in a moist well-drained soil[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. This species is also often found in quite wet situations[
43
Title
Gray's Manual of Botany.Eighth Edition
Publication
 
Author
Fernald. M. L.
Publisher
American Book Co.; New York
Year
1950
ISBN
0442222505
Description
A bit dated but a good and concise flora of the eastern part of N. America.
].

Edible Uses

Young leaves - raw or cooked[
177
Title
Plants for Human Consumption.
Publication
 
Author
Kunkel. G.
Publisher
Koeltz Scientific Books
Year
1984
ISBN
3874292169
Description
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of Latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
]. The rosettes of the dark green shiny leaves are eaten raw or cooked[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
]. A hot, cress-like flavour.

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - sow in situ in early spring to early summer.

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