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Useful Temperate Plants

Azorella diapensioides

A.Gray

Apiaceae

+ Synonyms

Azorella glabra Wedd.

Common Name: Llareta

Azorella diapensioides
Drawing of the plant (Fig A only)
Photograph by: Weddell, H.A., Chloris Andina, vol. 2: t. 67 (1857) [ Riocrieux]
Creative Commons License

General Information

Azorella diapensioides is a woody shrub with tiny tough leaves, in a rounded cushion form of such tight construction that it is frequently mistaken for a moss-covered rock, even on close inspection[
281
Title
Correspondence from Ivan Viehoff
Publication
 
Author
Viehoff. I.
Publisher
-
Year
2003
ISBN
-
Description
Information regarding Azorella diapensioides.
].
The plant yields a high quality fuel and, although very slow-growing, has been harvested on a commercial basis to the point of overexploitation..

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Western S. America - Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador

Habitat

Rocky slopes at high elevations, generally around 3,500 - 4,500 metres, in areas of low rainfall, but generally in locations where there is some water seepage[
281
Title
Correspondence from Ivan Viehoff
Publication
 
Author
Viehoff. I.
Publisher
-
Year
2003
ISBN
-
Description
Information regarding Azorella diapensioides.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height1.00 m
Growth RateSlow
PollinatorsInsects
Self-fertileYes
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

In its natural habitat Azorella diapensioides tolerates very wide daily temperature swings (ranging from at least -25°c to +25°c), but it probably also requires the arid climate plus the high light intensity found at high elevations if it is to thrive[
281
Title
Correspondence from Ivan Viehoff
Publication
 
Author
Viehoff. I.
Publisher
-
Year
2003
ISBN
-
Description
Information regarding Azorella diapensioides.
].
Requires a position in full sun in a well-drained gritty soil[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
A very slow growing plant, figures of just 20mm new growth per year have been quoted, so larger specimens of 1 metre or more must be around a century old[
281
Title
Correspondence from Ivan Viehoff
Publication
 
Author
Viehoff. I.
Publisher
-
Year
2003
ISBN
-
Description
Information regarding Azorella diapensioides.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

Yields a fuel which is virtually smokeless - it is used domestically and commercially[
61
Title
A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man.
Publication
 
Author
Usher. G.
Publisher
Constable
Year
1974
ISBN
0094579202
Description
Forget the sexist title, this is one of the best books on the subject. Lists a very extensive range of useful plants from around the world with very brief details of the uses. Not for the casual reader.
]. It is only used for firewood because it grows in regions where easier to use fuel crops won't grow. As a result it has become extinct over much
of its former range, but it is still common in some of the high altitude national parks in the northern half of Chile (eg, PN Lauca)[
281
Title
Correspondence from Ivan Viehoff
Publication
 
Author
Viehoff. I.
Publisher
-
Year
2003
ISBN
-
Description
Information regarding Azorella diapensioides.
].
The plant used to be harvested on a commercial basis for sale to railways, copper mines etc. It is still used on a domestic basis for cooking and heating[
1094
Title
Llareta (Azorella compacta, Umbelliferae); A Review
Publication
Economic Botany 49(2);207-212. 1995
Author
Wickens G.E.
Publisher
 
Year
1995
ISBN
 
Description
A review of the uses of Azorella compacta
].
The plant needs to be dried for 4 - 5 months after harvest before being used for fuel[
1094
Title
Llareta (Azorella compacta, Umbelliferae); A Review
Publication
Economic Botany 49(2);207-212. 1995
Author
Wickens G.E.
Publisher
 
Year
1995
ISBN
 
Description
A review of the uses of Azorella compacta
].

Propagation

Seed - we have no details for this species but suggest sowing the seed in late winter in a cold frame. Grow on for at least the first winter in a greenhouse or frame and plant out in late spring.
Division.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2019-07-21. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Azorella+diapensioides>

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