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Useful Temperate Plants

Avena barbata

Pott ex Link

Poaceae

+ Synonyms

Avena alba aristulata (Malzev) Maire & Weiller

Avena alba barbata (Pott ex Link) Maire & Weiller

Avena alba fallax (Maire & Weiller) Maire & Weiller

Avena alba fallax Maire & Weiller

Avena alba glabrifolia (Malzev) Maire & Weiller

Avena alba hirtula (Lag.) Emb. & Maire

Avena alba minor (Lange) Maire & Weiller

Avena alba triflora (Malzev) Maire & Weiller

Avena alba wiestii (Steud.) Maire & Weiller

Avena almeriensis Gand.

Avena atheranthera C.Presl

Avena barbata Brot.

Avena barbata hirsuta (Moench) Tab.Morais

Avena barbata lusitanica Tab.Morais

Avena bolivaris Sennen

Avena cypria Sibth.

Avena damascene Rajhathy & B.R.Baum

Avena deusta Ball

Avena hirsuta Moench

Avena hirsuta Roth.

Avena hirtula Lag.

Avena hoppeana Scheele

Avena lagascae Sennen

Avena lusitanica (Tab.Morais) B.R.Baum

Avena malzevii Tzvelev

Avena matritensis B.R.Baum

Avena maxima C.Presl

Avena nuda wiestii (Steud.) Á.Löve

Avena sallentiana Pau

Avena sativa barbata (Pott ex Link) Fiori

Avena segetalis Bianca ex Nyman

Avena serrulatiglumis Sennen & Mauricio

Avena sterilis atheranthera (C.Presl) H.Scholz

Avena strigosa aristulata Malzev

Avena strigosa barbata (Pott ex Link) Thell.

Avena strigosa deserticola Malzev

Avena strigosa glabrifolia Malzev

Avena strigosa hirtula (Lag.) Malzev

Avena strigosa lusitanica (Tab.Morais) Jauzein

Avena strigosa minor (Lange) Malzev

Avena strigosa subtypica Malzev

Avena strigosa triflora Malzev

Avena strigosa wiestii (Steud.) Thell.

Avena villosa Lag. ex Roem. & Schult.

Avena wiestii Steud.

Common Name: Slender Oat

Avena barbata
Flowering plant
Photograph by: Harry Rose
Creative Commons License
Avena barbata Avena barbata Avena barbata

General Information

Avena barbata is an erect, annual grass producing one or more culms 30 - 100cm tall.
The seed is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a food - though usually only in times of shortage or mixed as a weed with other grain crops.
Avena barbata is reported as being invasive in many parts of the world including Africa, the Americas, northern Europe, New Zealand and Australia. The plant was widely introduced to North America and other European countries both intentionally, as a fodder crop, and unintentionally in contaminated seed mixtures. It has spread widely in North America where it has been reported to displace native grass species. It is recorded as a noxious weed in the USA. In Australia, it outcompetes native grasses and forms a fibrous root system. It can also alter the fire regime of an area[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
,
1093
Title
Invasive Species Compendium
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cabi.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An immense resource - in depth information on over 900 species of invasive plants (it also has information on animals, fungi etc).
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

Range

Throughout the Mediterranean region, Arabian Peninsula, east to central Asia, Afghanistan and the Himalayas

Habitat

Dry wasteland, cultivated ground and meadows, especially on heavier soils[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Edibility Rating *  *
HabitAnnual
Height0.50 m
PollinatorsWind, Self
Self-fertileYes
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Avena brabata prefers warm temperate climates, both with or without a dry season, and can also succeed in continental climates with their cold winters and often hot summers[
1093
Title
Invasive Species Compendium
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cabi.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An immense resource - in depth information on over 900 species of invasive plants (it also has information on animals, fungi etc).
].
Succeeds in any moderately fertile soil in full sun[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. The plant can tolerate a wide range of soil conditions but it thrives in poorer draining soils[
1093
Title
Invasive Species Compendium
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cabi.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An immense resource - in depth information on over 900 species of invasive plants (it also has information on animals, fungi etc).
]. Tolerant of poor soils[
1093
Title
Invasive Species Compendium
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cabi.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An immense resource - in depth information on over 900 species of invasive plants (it also has information on animals, fungi etc).
].
A tetraploid species, it is rarely cultivated for its edible seed[
57
Title
Plants for Man.
Publication
 
Author
Schery. R. W.
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
Fairly readable but not very comprehensive. Deals with plants from around the world.
,
1093
Title
Invasive Species Compendium
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cabi.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An immense resource - in depth information on over 900 species of invasive plants (it also has information on animals, fungi etc).
].
Oats are in general easily grown plants but, especially when grown on a small scale, the seed is often completely eaten out by birds. Some sort of netting seems to be the best answer on a garden scale.

Edible Uses

Seed - cooked[
57
Title
Plants for Man.
Publication
 
Author
Schery. R. W.
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
Fairly readable but not very comprehensive. Deals with plants from around the world.
]. Rather small[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
]. The seed ripens in the latter half of summer and, when harvested and dried, can store for several years. It has a floury texture and a mild, somewhat creamy flavour. It can be used as a staple food crop in either savoury or sweet dishes. The seed can be cooked whole, though it is more commonly ground into a flour and used as a cereal in all the ways that oats are used, especially as a porridge but also to make biscuits, sourdough bread etc. The seed can also be sprouted and eaten raw or cooked in salads, stews etc.
The roasted seed is a coffee substitute.

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The straw has a wide range of uses such as for bio-mass, fibre, mulch, paper-making and thatching[
171
Title
Economic Botany.
Publication
 
Author
Hill. A. F.
Publisher
The Maple Press
Year
1952
ISBN
-
Description
Not very comprehensive, but it is quite readable and goes into some detail about the plants it does cover.
]. Some caution is advised in its use as a mulch since oat straw can infest strawberries with stem and bulb eelworm.

Propagation

Seed - sow in situ in early spring or in the autumn. Only just cover the seed. Germination should take place within 2 weeks. Seeds can germinate in low moisture conditions[
1093
Title
Invasive Species Compendium
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cabi.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An immense resource - in depth information on over 900 species of invasive plants (it also has information on animals, fungi etc).
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2019-10-18. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Avena+barbata>

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