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Useful Temperate Plants

Austrocedrus chilensis

(D.Don) Pic.Serm. & Bizzarri

Cupressaceae

+ Synonyms

Cupressus chilensis Gillies ex Hook.

Cupressus thujoides Pav. ex Carrière

Libocedrus chilensis (D.Don) Endl.

Libocedrus excelsa Gordon

Thuja andina Poepp.

Thuja chilensis D.Don

Thuja cuneata Dombey ex Endl.

Common Name: Cipres

No Image.

General Information

Austrocedrus chilensis is an evergreen tree with a dense, narrow, pyramidal crown; it can grow up to 20 metres tall[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. The straight, slightly conical bole can be up to 150cm in diameter, it often branches from quite low down, though boles up to 10 metres long have been recorded[
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.
,
330
Title
ChileFlora
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.chileflora.com/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Not realy a flora, but a lovely site with lots of helpful information for the gardener and an abundance of excellent photos covering over 2,000 species of Chilean plants.
,
341
Title
South American Timbers: the Properties, Uses and Characteristics of 190 Species.
Publication
 
Author
Bolza. E. & Christensen. F.J.
Publisher
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
Year
1979
ISBN
0 643 02582 0
Description
A very useful guide.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for its wood. It has sometimes been harvested on a commercial basis, though only local exploitation is occurring at present(2017).
Austrocedrus chilensis is a long-lived conifer species capable of living for up to 1,500 years. It has many present-day threats including harmful pathogens, grazing, habitat loss through natural or human-set fires, invasive non-native tree species, establishment of plantation trees and hydroelectric schemes. Even though it has an estimated area of occupancy of 1,860 km2 which is within the 2,000 km2 threshold for listing as Vulnerable, for the majority of its global distribution, of which 75% occurs in Argentina, there is no net loss of individuals due to good regeneration after disturbance. The plant is classified as 'Near Threatened' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.

Range

S. America - southern and central Chile, southern Argentina

Habitat

Mixed forests, sometimes forming pure stands, growing on a range of soils, sometimes in more xeric conditions than those tolerated by rainforest species, sometimes along rocky, river margins[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusNear Threatened
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height15.00 m
Growth RateSlow
PollinatorsWind
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Austrocedrus chilensis is found mainly in the Andes of Chile and Argentina at latitudes from 32 - 43° south[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. It is said to be ale to tolerate occasionall temperatures falling to around -8°c, and occasional snow cover. It tolerates drier areas with an annual rainfall of 400 - 800mm (mainly in the winter) and a dry season of 3 - 5 months, though it also grows in more humid areas with year round rainfall up to 1,500mm329].
An easily grown tree, growing best in a sunny position in a well-drained, preferably slightly acid soil[
330
Title
ChileFlora
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.chileflora.com/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Not realy a flora, but a lovely site with lots of helpful information for the gardener and an abundance of excellent photos covering over 2,000 species of Chilean plants.
]. It is found wild in a wide range of soils that can vary from very poor, even rocks in steep slopes, to plane and shallow clayish soils in the valleys or deep soils of volcanic ash. It grows best on wet, deep soils in the wild[
341
Title
South American Timbers: the Properties, Uses and Characteristics of 190 Species.
Publication
 
Author
Bolza. E. & Christensen. F.J.
Publisher
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
Year
1979
ISBN
0 643 02582 0
Description
A very useful guide.
].
Trees often grow gregariously, forming small, almost pure stands. Natural regeneration is generally good[
341
Title
South American Timbers: the Properties, Uses and Characteristics of 190 Species.
Publication
 
Author
Bolza. E. & Christensen. F.J.
Publisher
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
Year
1979
ISBN
0 643 02582 0
Description
A very useful guide.
].
This is generally a moderately slow-growing species[
330
Title
ChileFlora
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.chileflora.com/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Not realy a flora, but a lovely site with lots of helpful information for the gardener and an abundance of excellent photos covering over 2,000 species of Chilean plants.
,
341
Title
South American Timbers: the Properties, Uses and Characteristics of 190 Species.
Publication
 
Author
Bolza. E. & Christensen. F.J.
Publisher
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
Year
1979
ISBN
0 643 02582 0
Description
A very useful guide.
].
A long-lived tree, specimens up to 1,500 years old have been recorded[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The heartwood is a pale reddish-brown; the narrow band of sapwood is yellowish-white in colour. The texture is fine and even; the grain straight; growth rings are distinct, producing a mild figure on back-sawn surfaces. The wood works easily with hand or machine tools, with very little dulling effect on cutting edges; it cuts cleanly in most operations provided that sharp cutters are used; it is difficult to bore a clean hole unless exit is supported; stock must be pre-bored for nailing and screwing; stains and polishes satisfactorily. Most commonly used in the round, it is suitable for moulding and peeling[
341
Title
South American Timbers: the Properties, Uses and Characteristics of 190 Species.
Publication
 
Author
Bolza. E. & Christensen. F.J.
Publisher
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
Year
1979
ISBN
0 643 02582 0
Description
A very useful guide.
]. The wood was historically used for construction and making furniture. It is fragrant and has a durable quality suitable for outdoor use (panelling and outdoor furniture)[
330
Title
ChileFlora
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.chileflora.com/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Not realy a flora, but a lovely site with lots of helpful information for the gardener and an abundance of excellent photos covering over 2,000 species of Chilean plants.
,
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].
The wood is a good fuel[
341
Title
South American Timbers: the Properties, Uses and Characteristics of 190 Species.
Publication
 
Author
Bolza. E. & Christensen. F.J.
Publisher
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
Year
1979
ISBN
0 643 02582 0
Description
A very useful guide.
].

Propagation

Seed - requires a period of cold stratification and so is best sown in the autumn and placed in a cold frame. Stored seed can be mixed with moist sand and then stored in a plastic bag in a refrigerater at 2 - 5°c for 30 - 90 days prior to sowing[
330
Title
ChileFlora
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.chileflora.com/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Not realy a flora, but a lovely site with lots of helpful information for the gardener and an abundance of excellent photos covering over 2,000 species of Chilean plants.
]. Sow the seed in a container, pricking out the seedlinds into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow on until the plants are around 20 - 30cm tall before planting them in their permanent positions.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2019-05-19. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Austrocedrus+chilensis>

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