Acarna chinensis Bunge
Atractylis chinensis (Bunge) DC.
Atractylis japonica (Koidz.) Kitag.
Atractylis lancea Thunb.
Atractylis ovata Thunb.
Atractylis pinnatifolia (Kom.) S.Y.Hu
Atractylis separata L.H.Bailey;
Atractylodes chinensis (Bunge) Koidz.
Atractylodes erosodentata Koidz.
Atractylodes japonica Koidz.
Atractylodes lyrata Siebold & Zucc.
Atractylodes ovata (Thunb.) DC.
Giraldia stapfii Baroni
Common Name: Cang Zhu
Photograph by: tak56
Atractylodes lancea is a herbaceous, perennial plant usually growing 30 - 100cm tall[
]. The plant produces a thick, horizontal or ascending rhizome, from which grow one or more erect stems that are unbranched or with a few branches near the apex[
The plant is commonly harvested for medicinal use and sometimes also for food. It is widely cultivated for medicinal use through most of China[
E. Asia - eastern Russia, central and northern China, Japan, Korea
Grassland, forests, thickets and rock crevices; at elevations from 700 - 2,500 metres[
]. Hills and mountains of central and southern Japan[
Succeeds in any well-drained soil in sun or partial shade[
Root - raw or cooked. Exceedingly rich in vitamin A, it also contains 1.5% essential oils[
Buds and young leaves[
]. No more details are given[
The plant is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine[
The root is a bitter-sweet tonic herb that acts mainly upon the digestive system[
]. It is antibacterial, antiemetic, appetizer, diaphoretic digestive, diuretic, hypoglycaemic, sedative, stomachic and tonic[
]. It is often used in conjunction with other herbs such as Codonopsis tangshen and Glycyrrhiza uralensis[
]. It is used in the treatment of poor appetite, digestive disorders such as dyspepsia, abdominal distension and chronic diarrhoea, rheumatoid arthritis, oedema, mastitis, fistula, rheumatoid arthritis, spontaneous sweating and night blindness[
The roots are harvested in the autumn and baked for use in tonics[
Seed - sow spring in a cold frame and only just cover the seed. Prick out the seedlings when they are large enough to handle and plant them out into their permanent positions in the following spring or early summer.