Acratherum miliaceum Link
Arthopogon agrostoides Trevir. ex Steud.
Arundinella acratherum Nees ex Steud.
Arundinella ecklonii Nees
Arundinella glabra Hook. & Arn.
Arundinella miliacea (Link) Nees
Arundinella pilaxilis B.S.Sun & Z.H.Hu
Arundinella pilomarginata B.S.Sun
Arundinella rigida Nees
Arundinella ritchei Munro ex Lisboa
Arundinella virgata Janowski
Arundinella nepalensis is an evergreen, clump-forming grass with short, scaly rhizomes; it produces slender to stout, erect culms usually 90 - 200cm tall, occasionally to 300cm.
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a thatch.
Africa - Guinea, Senegal, Kenya south to southern Africa; E. Asia - India, Nepal, southern China; Australia.
Open places at elevations of 300 - 2,500 metres in Nepal[
]. Mountain grasslands, hill thickets; at elevations from 500 - 1,800 metres in China[
]. Dry woodland and grassland, often in drainage ways, in New South Wales[
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Arundinella nepalensis has a very wide range, being found in tropical , subtropical and warm temperate regions of Africa, India, China and Australia. Whilst it is predominantly a plant of the tropics and subtropics, it is also often found at higher elevations in these regions and can be found at lower elevations in warm temperate climates such as in New South Wales. It should succeed outdoors in milder regions of the temperate zone, especially if plant material is obtained from the cooler regions within its range.
Prefers a sheltered position in full sun in a fertile, moist but well-drained soil[
The canes are used for thatching and fencing[
Seed - surface sow as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse at about 20°c. Do not allow the compost to dry out. Germination usually takes place fairly quickly so long as the seed is of good quality, though it can take 3 - 6 months. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a lightly shaded place in the greenhouse until large enough to plant out. Bamboos only flower at intervals of several years and so seed is rarely available.
Division in late spring as new growth commences. Take divisions with at least three canes in the clump, trying to cause as little root disturbance to the main plant as possible. Grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse in pots of a high fertility sandy medium. Mist the foliage regularly until plants are established. Plant them out into their permanent positions when a good root system has developed, which can take a year or more[
Basal cane cuttings.