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Useful Temperate Plants

Aronia mitschurinii

A.K.Skvortsov & Maitul.

Rosaceae


The genus Aronia has been variously treated by botanists. The species intergrade, and this has led some botanists to treat the genus as comprising a single, very variable species (Aronia arbutifolia), whilst others have treated it as comprising several distinct species. We are following the current (2016) treatment of the genus in the Flora of North America, which recognizes two distinct species plus a naturally occurring hybrid between the two[
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
]. In addition, another species of hybrid origin is recognized here (Aronia mitschurinii A.K.Skvortsov & Maitul.), though this is likely to be recognized as a bigeneric hybrid (Sorbaronia mitschurinii (Skvortsov & Maitul.) Sennikov) in the future[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Historically, species in the genus have been assigned variously to Adenorachis, Crataegus, Halmia, Malus, Mespilus, Pyrus, and Sorbus. More recently it has been included in Photinia, but a phylogenetic analysis by C. S. Campbell et al. (2007), using chloroplast and nuclear DNA sequence data, did not find a close relationship between Aronia arbutifolia and Photinia villosa.
Species in the genus hybridize with some Sorbus species (forming the intergeneric hybrid ×Sorbaronia C.K.Schneider), and the genus as a whole has sometimes been treated as a subgenus or section of Sorbus.

+ Synonyms

× Sorbaronia mitschurinii (Skvortsov & Maitul.) Sennikov

Common Name:

Aronia mitschurinii
Close-up of the ripening fruit
Photograph by: Bff
Creative Commons License
Aronia mitschurinii Aronia mitschurinii Aronia mitschurinii

General Information

Aronia mitschurinii is a deciduous shrub with an open, upright, spreading habit, growing 80 - 200cm tall. The plant suckers, forming in time a clump of 20 stems or more[
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
].
The plant is cultivated on a commercial scale for its fruit, which is used for making juices, jams etc. It can be grown as a hedge.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1080
Title
On Distinctions of Cultivated Black-fruited Aronia from its Wild Ancestors
Publication
Bulletin of the Central Botanical Garden, AN SSSR 126 (1982): 35-40
Author
A. K. Skvortsov, Yu. K. Maitulina
Publisher
 
Year
1982
ISBN
 
Description
A research paper, establishing the species Aronia mitschurinii

Range

Not known as a wild plant, the species was developed in cultivation.

Habitat

Not known in the wild

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *  *
HabitDeciduous Shrub
Height1.50 m
PollinatorsApomictic
Self-fertileYes
Cultivation StatusCultivated

Cultivation Details

Aronia mitschurinii is very cold-hardy, tolerating temperatures down to around -50°c when dormant[
1080
Title
On Distinctions of Cultivated Black-fruited Aronia from its Wild Ancestors
Publication
Bulletin of the Central Botanical Garden, AN SSSR 126 (1982): 35-40
Author
A. K. Skvortsov, Yu. K. Maitulina
Publisher
 
Year
1982
ISBN
 
Description
A research paper, establishing the species Aronia mitschurinii
].
An easily grown plant, succeeding in most, medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. It prefers a moist peaty soil, but has a wide range of soil tolerance including boggy soils. It dislikes shallow soils over chalk[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
352
Title
KemperCentreForHomeGardeningPlantFinder
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.mobot.org/gardeninghelp/plantfinder/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic cultivation details, plant uses, habitat etc for several thousand species of plants, mainly from the temperate zone.
].
This species has been developed from plants of Aronia melanocarpa which were originally taken from N. America to Russia and cultivated there for their fruit. It is believed that hybridization with Sorbus aucuparia has led to a more robust and much less variable species, one that is worthy of specific recognition. This plant is now often cultivated in Russia and named forms have become available in other parts of the Temperate zone[
1080
Title
On Distinctions of Cultivated Black-fruited Aronia from its Wild Ancestors
Publication
Bulletin of the Central Botanical Garden, AN SSSR 126 (1982): 35-40
Author
A. K. Skvortsov, Yu. K. Maitulina
Publisher
 
Year
1982
ISBN
 
Description
A research paper, establishing the species Aronia mitschurinii
,
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
This genus is closely related to Sorbus species and has been shown to hybridize with them[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
].
Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw or cooked[
1080
Title
On Distinctions of Cultivated Black-fruited Aronia from its Wild Ancestors
Publication
Bulletin of the Central Botanical Garden, AN SSSR 126 (1982): 35-40
Author
A. K. Skvortsov, Yu. K. Maitulina
Publisher
 
Year
1982
ISBN
 
Description
A research paper, establishing the species Aronia mitschurinii
]. The relatively large fruits are suitable for juice, wine, and jam-making. Juice from the ripe berries is astringent, sweet (with high sugar content), sour (low pH), and contains vitamin C. In addition to juice, the fruit can be baked into soft breads.
The fruits of Aronia species are potentially a very healthful and tasty addition to the diet. Although many wild forms are less than pleasant to eat, various forms with superior fruits have been selected (or developed through selective breeding). These forms are often available from plant nurseries, and some are grown commercially on a wide scale for use in juices, to make jams, wines and as a flavouring for other drinks[
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
]. These cultivars are generally assigned to Aronia melanocarpa or Aronia mitschurinii, though it should be possible to select superior fruiting forms from any of the species[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant responds well to trimming and can be grown as a hedge[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in pots outdoors or in a cold frame[
113
Title
The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation.
Publication
 
Author
Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W.
Publisher
Athens Ga. Varsity Press
Year
1987
ISBN
0942375009
Description
A very detailed book on propagating trees. Not for the casual reader.
]. Pre-soak stored seed overnight and then cold stratify for 3 months at 2°c[
113
Title
The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation.
Publication
 
Author
Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W.
Publisher
Athens Ga. Varsity Press
Year
1987
ISBN
0942375009
Description
A very detailed book on propagating trees. Not for the casual reader.
]. The seed germinates in 1 - 3 months at 15°c[
134
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 2.
Publication
 
Author
Rice. G. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1988
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation. An interesting article on Ensete ventricosum.
]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant out in late spring. Although this species is of hybrid origin, it has been shown to breed true from seed[
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
,
352
Title
KemperCentreForHomeGardeningPlantFinder
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.mobot.org/gardeninghelp/plantfinder/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic cultivation details, plant uses, habitat etc for several thousand species of plants, mainly from the temperate zone.
].
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, mid summer in a frame[
113
Title
The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation.
Publication
 
Author
Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W.
Publisher
Athens Ga. Varsity Press
Year
1987
ISBN
0942375009
Description
A very detailed book on propagating trees. Not for the casual reader.
].
Division of suckers in the dormant season[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Very easy, they can be planted straight out into their permanent positions.
Layering[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2021-01-19. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Aronia+mitschurinii>

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