If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Temperate Plants

Arnebia euchroma

(Royle) I.M.Johnst.

Boraginaceae

+ Synonyms

Arnebia endochroma Aitch.

Arnebia perennis (Schrenk) A.DC.

Arnebia tingens A.DC.

Lithospermum euchromon Royle

Macrotomia euchromon Paulsen

Macrotomia grandis Bornm.

Macrotomia oginoi Kitam.

Macrotomia perennis Boiss.

Common Name:

Arnebia euchroma
Drawing of the flowering stem
Photograph by: Flora of Pakistan
Creative Commons License

General Information

Arnebia euchroma is a herbaceous perennial plant growing from thick roots that can be up to 2cm in diameter. The plant produces a cluster of basal leaves and one to many flowering stems up to 50cm tall[
1079
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 52
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University; Boston
Year
1971
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, amongst the articles is a series of revisions of genera in the Boraginaceae in India.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of dyestuff.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

51
Title
Flowers of the Himalayas.
Publication
 
Author
Polunin. O. and Stainton. A.
Publisher
Oxford Universtiy Press
Year
1984
ISBN
-
Description
A very readable and good pocket guide (if you have a very large pocket!) to many of the wild plants in the Himalayas. Gives many examples of plant uses.
,
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
1079
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 52
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University; Boston
Year
1971
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, amongst the articles is a series of revisions of genera in the Boraginaceae in India.

Range

Asia - Kazakhstan, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, through the Himalayas to central Nepal.

Habitat

Open slopes and rocks, only in the drier areas of the Himalayas; at elevations from 3,300 - 4,500 metres[
51
Title
Flowers of the Himalayas.
Publication
 
Author
Polunin. O. and Stainton. A.
Publisher
Oxford Universtiy Press
Year
1984
ISBN
-
Description
A very readable and good pocket guide (if you have a very large pocket!) to many of the wild plants in the Himalayas. Gives many examples of plant uses.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.30 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Requires a well-drained gritty soil and a sunny position, growing well in the rock garden, or on a dry wall[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The root is antipyretic, cancer, contraceptive, emollient and vulnerary[
176
Title
Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas.
Publication
 
Author
Yeung. Him-Che.
Publisher
Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles
Year
1985
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent Chinese herbal giving information on over 500 species. Rather technical and probably best suited to the more accomplished user of herbs.
]. It is used in the treatment of measles, mild constipation, burns, frostbite, eczema, dermatitis etc[
176
Title
Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas.
Publication
 
Author
Yeung. Him-Che.
Publisher
Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles
Year
1985
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent Chinese herbal giving information on over 500 species. Rather technical and probably best suited to the more accomplished user of herbs.
,
218
Title
Medicinal Plants of China
Publication
 
Author
Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S.
Publisher
Reference Publications, Inc.
Year
1985
ISBN
0-917256-20-4
Description
Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Heavy going if you are not into the subject.
].

Experimentally the root has shown contraceptive action on rats, inhibiting oestrus, the fertility rate and the release of pituitary gonadotrophin hormone and chorion gonadotrophin hormone[
176
Title
Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas.
Publication
 
Author
Yeung. Him-Che.
Publisher
Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles
Year
1985
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent Chinese herbal giving information on over 500 species. Rather technical and probably best suited to the more accomplished user of herbs.
]. It inhibits the growth of cancer cells on the chorion membrane[
176
Title
Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas.
Publication
 
Author
Yeung. Him-Che.
Publisher
Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles
Year
1985
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent Chinese herbal giving information on over 500 species. Rather technical and probably best suited to the more accomplished user of herbs.
].

The root contains shikonin, an antitumour and bactericidal compound[
218
Title
Medicinal Plants of China
Publication
 
Author
Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S.
Publisher
Reference Publications, Inc.
Year
1985
ISBN
0-917256-20-4
Description
Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Heavy going if you are not into the subject.
]. It has been shown to inhibit the growth of a range pf bacteria including E. Coli, Bacillus typhi, B. Dysenteriae, Pseudomonas and Staphylococcus aureus[
218
Title
Medicinal Plants of China
Publication
 
Author
Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S.
Publisher
Reference Publications, Inc.
Year
1985
ISBN
0-917256-20-4
Description
Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Heavy going if you are not into the subject.
]. Shikonin also promotes the healing of wounds on topical application[
176
Title
Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas.
Publication
 
Author
Yeung. Him-Che.
Publisher
Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles
Year
1985
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent Chinese herbal giving information on over 500 species. Rather technical and probably best suited to the more accomplished user of herbs.
].

Other Uses

The root contains a copious purple dye[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
1079
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 52
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University; Boston
Year
1971
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, amongst the articles is a series of revisions of genera in the Boraginaceae in India.
]. The thick roots are up to 2cm in diameter[
1079
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 52
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University; Boston
Year
1971
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, amongst the articles is a series of revisions of genera in the Boraginaceae in India.
].

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 8 weeks at 20°c[
134
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 2.
Publication
 
Author
Rice. G. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1988
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation. An interesting article on Ensete ventricosum.
]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. It is best to harvest the seed when it is slightly under-ripe, since it is quickly dispersed when ripe[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Cuttings with a heel in the autumn in sand in a cold frame[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
].
Root cuttings in sand in a frame during the winter[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2020-10-01. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Arnebia+euchroma>

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.