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Useful Temperate Plants

Arisarum vulgare

O.Targ.Tozz.

Araceae

+ Synonyms

Arisarum arisarum (L.) Huth

Arisarum australe Rich.

Arisarum azoricum Schott

Arisarum balansae Schott

Arisarum clusii Schott

Arisarum crassifolium Schott

Arisarum forbesii Schott

Arisarum hastatum Pomel

Arisarum incurvatum Holmboe

Arisarum jacquinii Schott

Arisarum latifolium Bubani

Arisarum latifolium Hill

Arisarum libani Schott

Arisarum serpentrium Raf.

Arisarum sibthorpii Schott

Arisarum simorrhinum clusii (Schott) Talavera

Arisarum simorrhinum subexertum (Webb & Berthel.) Talavera

Arisarum subalpinum Kotschy ex Engl.

Arisarum subexertum Webb & Berthel.

Arisarum veslingii Schott

Arum arisarum L.

Arum arisarum Lour.

Arum calyptrale Salisb.

Arum incurvatum Lam.

Arum libani Schott

Balmisa vulgaris (O.Targ.Tozz.) Lag.

Calyptrocoryne cochinchinensis (Blume) Schott

Typhonium cochinchinense Blume

Common Name: Friar's Cowl

Arisarum vulgare
Flowering plant growing on Mallorca
Photograph by: Orchi
Creative Commons License
Arisarum vulgare Arisarum vulgare Arisarum vulgare Arisarum vulgare Arisarum vulgare

General Information

Arisarum vulgare is a herbaceous, perennial plant growing from an irregularly-shaped tuber with one or more growing points. Each growing point produces a single leaf up to 30cm tall with a flowering stem 30cm or more tall.
The plant has been harvested from the wild for local use as a food - it has often been used in times of scarcity but is little used at other times. The plant is often grown as an ornamental.

Known Hazards

The plant contains calcium oxylate crystals. These cause an extremely unpleasant sensation similar to needles being stuck into the mouth and tongue if they are eaten but they are easily neutralized by thoroughly drying or cooking the plant or by steeping it in water[
65
Title
A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Frohne. D. and Pfänder. J.
Publisher
Wolfe
Year
1984
ISBN
0723408394
Description
Brilliant. Goes into technical details but in a very readable way. The best work on the subject that I've come across so far.
].

Botanical References

45
Title
Flowers of Greece and the Balkans.
Publication
 
Author
Polunin. O.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1980
ISBN
0-19-217626-9
Description
A good pocket flora, it also lists quite a few plant uses.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

Range

Mediterranean region from western Europe and western N. Africa to Turkey and the Levant

Habitat

Grassy places, open ground[
45
Title
Flowers of Greece and the Balkans.
Publication
 
Author
Polunin. O.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1980
ISBN
0-19-217626-9
Description
A good pocket flora, it also lists quite a few plant uses.
] and rocky ground[
90
Title
Bulbs
Publication
 
Author
Phillips. R. and Rix. M.
Publisher
Pan Books
Year
1989
ISBN
0-330-30253-1
Description
Superbly illustrated, it gives brief details on cultivation and native habitat.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *
HabitPerennial
Height0.30 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Arisarum vulgare is a Mediterranean plant, growing best in areas that experience mild winters with ample rain. It commences growth in the autumn flowering in the winter and then becoming dormant in the spring as the weather becomes hotter and rainfall virtually ceases. The plant can tolerate some frost, especially if grown in a woodland, surviving occasionall short-lived temperatures down to about -10°c[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Outside of Mediterranean climates the plant is probably best grown under protection[
90
Title
Bulbs
Publication
 
Author
Phillips. R. and Rix. M.
Publisher
Pan Books
Year
1989
ISBN
0-330-30253-1
Description
Superbly illustrated, it gives brief details on cultivation and native habitat.
].
Prefers a woodland soil or a sandy loam with leafmould[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
]. Grows well in shady rather moist places[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
].

Edible Uses

Root - cooked. The acrid juice should first be removed by thorough and repeated washing leaving behind a nutritious and innoxious residue[
2
Title
Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World.
Publication
 
Author
Hedrick. U. P.
Publisher
Dover Publications
Year
1972
ISBN
0-486-20459-6
Description
Lots of entries, quite a lot of information in most entries and references.
,
105
Title
Tanaka's Cyclopedia of Edible Plants of the World.
Publication
 
Author
Tanaka. T. & Nakao S.
Publisher
Keigaku Publishing; Tokyo
Year
1976
ISBN
-
Description
The most comprehensive list of edible plants I've come across. Only the briefest entry for each species, though, and some of the entries are more than a little dubious. Not for the casual reader.
,
177
Title
Plants for Human Consumption
Publication
 
Author
Kunkel. G.
Publisher
Koeltz Scientific Books
Year
1984
ISBN
3874292169
Description
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of Latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
]. Thorough drying or cooking will also destroy any harmful elements of this root[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
]. The root is frequently used as an emergency food in times of scarcity, it is about the size of a walnut[
2
Title
Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World.
Publication
 
Author
Hedrick. U. P.
Publisher
Dover Publications
Year
1972
ISBN
0-486-20459-6
Description
Lots of entries, quite a lot of information in most entries and references.
].

One report suggests that the leaves might be edible[
177
Title
Plants for Human Consumption
Publication
 
Author
Kunkel. G.
Publisher
Koeltz Scientific Books
Year
1984
ISBN
3874292169
Description
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of Latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
]. If they are they must be well cooked first[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

A good ground-cover plant for a shady place[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - we have no details for this species but suggest sowing the seed in a shady part of the greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the spring if this is possible. Sow stored seed in early spring. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on for at least the first winter in a greenhouse and plant out when dormant in the summer once the tuber has reached a reasonable size.
Division in spring after the plant dies down[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2019-10-15. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Arisarum+vulgare>

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