Aralia bipinnata inermis (Yanagita) T.Yamaz.
Aralia canescens Siebold & Zucc.
Aralia chinensis albomarginata Bean
Aralia chinensis aureovariegata Rehder
Aralia chinensis canescens (Siebold & Zucc.) Lavallée
Aralia chinensis elata (Miq.) Lavallée
Aralia chinensis fastigiata Skeels & Van Eselt.
Aralia chinensis glabrescens (Franch. & Sav.) C.K.Schneid.
Aralia chinensis mandshurica (Rupr. & Maxim.) Rehder
Aralia chinensis nuda Nakai
Aralia chinensis pyramidalis Bean
Aralia chinensis variegata (auct.) Rehder
Aralia emeiensis Z.Y.Zhu
Aralia grandis Miq.
Aralia hupehensis G.Hoo
Aralia hypoleuca inermis Yanagita
Aralia japonica Seem.
Aralia mandschurica Seem.
Aralia mandshurica Rupr. & Maxim.
Aralia ryukyuensis (J.Wen) T.Yamaz
Aralia ryukyuensis inermis (Yanagita) T.Yamaz.
Aralia spinosa canescens (Siebold & Zucc.) Franch. & Sav.
Aralia spinosa elata (Miq.) Sarg.
Aralia spinosa glabrescens Franch. & Sav.
Aralia subcapitata G.Hoo
Dimorphanthus elatus Miq.
Dimorphanthus mandshuricus (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim.
Dimorphanthus mandshuricus argenteomargi auct.
Common Name: Japanese Angelica Tree
Photograph by: AnRo0002
Creative Commons Zero, Public Domain Dedication
Aralia elata is a deciduous shrub or a small tree usually growing 2 - 5 metres tall, exceptionally to 8 metres. The branches are armed with sparse prickles. The plant often produces suckers at the base and can form thickets of growth[
]. The plant is noted in cultivation for producing spiny, pithy, usually unbranched stems which are crowned at the top with a spreading umbrella-like canopy of huge, showy, bi-pinnate leaves[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and a food - the young shoots are a traditional food, often sold in markets in Japan. It is sometimes cultivated as a food and medicinal plant in Korea[
]. Very ornamental, it is often grown in gardens[
Plants can spread somewhat rapidly by self-seeding and suckering to form thickets. Promptly remove root suckers to prevent unwanted naturalization[
Handling the bark and roots can cause allergic skin reactions in some people[
E. Asia - Russian Far East, China, Japan, Korea.
Thin woodland and thickets on rich well moistened slopes[
], 900 - 2000 metres in N. Hupeh[
]. Forests, forest margins, scrub fields, roadsides; at elevations from near sea level to 2,700 metres[
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
When dormant, Aralia elata is cold hardy to at least -15°c[
] - the young growth in spring however, even on mature plants, is frost-tender. Growing the plants in a position sheltered from the early morning spring sunshine will help protect young leaves from damage[
Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade[
]. Prefers a good, deep, humus-rich loam and a position in semi-shade but it also succeeds in a sunny position[
]. Requires a sheltered position. Plants are hardier when grown on poorer soils[
]. Prefers an acid soil[
The plant generally tolerates many urban pollutants[
There are a number of named varieties selected for their ornamental value[
The plant usually grows as a single stemmed shrub, spreading by means of suckers[
This species is closely allied to Aralia chinensis.
Young shoots - cooked[
]. A traditional food in Japan. They can also be blanched and used in salads.
The roots and stems are anodyne and carminative[
]. All parts of the plant are used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthralgia, coughs, diabetes, jaundice, stomach ulcers and stomach cancers[
The root, and especially the bark, stimulates the central nervous system[
The plant is said to restore the appetite, memory, vigour etc[
The large clusters of flowers are quite showy and very attractive to bees. These flowers are followed by clusters of fleshy, spherical, black drupes that ripen from late summer into the autumn and are quite attractive to birds[
Seed - best sown as soon as ripe in a cold frame. Stored seed requires 3 - 5 months of cold stratification. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 4 months at 20°c[
]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse for at least their first winter. Once the plants are 25cm or more tall, they can be planted out into their permanent positions, late spring or early summer being the best time to do this.
Root cuttings 8cm long, early winter in a cold frame[
]. Store the roots upside down in sand and pot up in early to mid spring. High percentage[
Division of suckers in late winter[
]. Very easy, the suckers can be planted out direct into their permanent positions if required.