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Useful Temperate Plants

Arabidopsis thaliana

(L.) Heynh.

Brassicaceae

+ Synonyms

Arabis arcuata Dulac

Arabis pubicalyx Miq.

Arabis scabra Gilib.

Arabis thaliana L.

Cardamine pusilla Hochst. ex A.Rich.

Conringia thaliana (L.) Rchb.

Crucifera thaliana (L.) E.H.L.Krause

Erysimum pubicalyx (Miq.) Kuntze

Erysimum thalianum (L.) Kittel

Hesperis thaliana (L.) Kuntze

Nasturtium thaliana (L.) Andrz. ex DC.

Phryne gesneri Bubani

Pilosella thaliana (L.) Kostel.

Sisymbrium thalianum (L.) Gaudin

Sisymbrium thalianum (L.) J.Gay

Stenophragma thalianum (L.) ÄŒelak.

Common Name: Thale Cress

Arabidopsis thaliana
Flowering plant
Photograph by: Barry Breckling; CalPhotos
Creative Commons License
Arabidopsis thaliana Arabidopsis thaliana Arabidopsis thaliana Arabidopsis thaliana Arabidopsis thaliana Arabidopsis thaliana Arabidopsis thaliana Arabidopsis thaliana

General Information

Arabidopsis thaliana is an erect, annual, occasionally biennial, plant; it usually grows 5 - 30cm tall, exceptionally to 50cm. The plant forms a basal rosette of leaves and a single stem (sometimes more) that can be unbranched or branched[
17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
,
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
,
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
].
Thale Cress was the first plant to have its entire genome sequenced (in 2000), and is widely used in molecular and developmental biology as the archetypal flowering plant model organism[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
]. It is grown on a large scale in controlled conditions to provide materials for plant research. In addition, the plant is also sometimes used on a local level as a food and a medicine.
The plant is a weed of disturbed ground, including areas of cultivation. It has spread widely around the world as a result of human activity[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
]. As an annual, the plants will die and usually self-sow for the following year. Seed will survive in the soil for many years and plants are likely to reappear for a long time afterwards.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
,
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.

Range

Temperate Eurasia from the Atlantic to the Caucasus, central Asia, China, Himalayas; N. Africa - Morocco to China and eastern Mediterranean.

Habitat

Walls and banks, hedgerows and waste places, and on dry soils[
17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
]. A pioneer of rocky ground, dunes, open sandy and calcareous habitats; also found in various disturbed habitats, including as a weed of gardens, waste ground and along railway lines.

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *  *
HabitAnnual
Height0.15 m
PollinatorsSelf, Insects
Self-fertileYes
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details


Prefers open, light conditions in free-draining soil such as sand or sandy loam.
The plant can complete its entire life-cycle in as little as six weeks.
More than 99% of the flowers are self-fertilized, usually before they even open.

Edible Uses

Leaves - raw or cooked. The leaves are quite hairy and not that pleasant[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Medicinal

The plant is used to treat asthma, throat and chest complaints, sores in the mouth[
240
Title
Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement).
Publication
 
Author
Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C.
Publisher
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi.
Year
1986
ISBN
-
Description
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
].

Other Uses

Arabidopsis thaliana is the most widely used flowering plant as a model organism for studies in genetics, development, physiology, biochemistry, and related fields. Its small genome size (fully sequenced in the year 2000), chromosome number, fast growth cycle (from seed germination to set in four to six weeks), small size (hundreds can be grown in a pot and thousands in a growth chamber), autogamous breeding system (induced mutations are expressed in two generations), and ability to grow on various synthetic media, all make the species an ideal system in experimental biology[
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
,
623
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 90
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
2003
ISBN
0026-6493
Description
A treatment of the genus Styrax, amongst many other articles. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in situ.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2018-11-14. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Arabidopsis+thaliana>

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