This species is treated here in its wider sense, as per the Kew on-line 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families '[
Apocynum armenum Pobed.
Apocynum compressum Moench
Apocynum lancifolium Russanov
Apocynum russanovii Pobed.
Apocynum sarmatiense (Woodson) O.Wissjul.
Apocynum scabrum Russanov
Apocynum sibiricum R.Br.
Apocynum tauricum Pobed.
Asclepias rubra Siev.
Nerium antidysentericum Lepech.
Nerium sibiricum Medik.
Trachomitum armenum (Pobed.) Pobed.
Trachomitum lancifolium (Russanov) Pobed.
Trachomitum russanovii (Pobed.) Pobed.
Trachomitum sarmatiense Woodson
Trachomitum scabrum (Russanov) Pobed.
Trachomitum tauricum (Pobed.) Pobed.
Trachomitum venetum (L.) Woodson
Apocynum venetum is an erect, herbaceous, perennial plant with stems that can grow up to 4 metres tall growing from a spreading rhizomatous rootstock[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of fibre and latex. It is sometimes grown as an ornamental, valued for its fragrant flowers that attract bees to the garden[
All parts of the plant are poisonous[
Southeast Europe - Italy, Bulgaria and Ukraine; Asia - from Turkey and the Caucasus to Afghanistan, Pakistan, China, Japan,Korea
Swamps, wet places and maritime sands[
]. Salt-barren zone, desert margins, alluvial flats, riversides[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Succeeds in sun or shade in most well-drained but moisture-retentive soils[
Plants can be invasive[
The fragrant flowers are attractive to bees[
The leaves or the whole herb is cardiotonic, diuretic and hypotensive[
]. It is used in the treatment of hypertensive headache, dizziness, insomnia, irritability, oliguria and nephritic oedema[
]. It increases the renal blood flow and can be used for renal and cardiac oedema and ascites of liver cirrhosis[
The leaves yield up to 5% of a gum (latex?), which is used for making a medicine that is used as a sedative and to treat hypertension[
The fragrant flowers are a good source of honey for bees[
The bark yields a fibre that is used for making twine, bags, linen etc[
]. It can be harvested after the leaves fall in autumn but is probably at its best as the seed pods are forming[
The strong bast fibers obtained from the inner bark are used in making cloth, strings, sails, fishing nests, and high-quality paper[
The leaves yield up to 5% gum (latex?), which is used for making rubber[
]. It is not available in commercial quantities[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in late summer and overwintered outdoors. The seed requires a period of cold stratification if it is to germinate well[
]. Prick out the seedlings when large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter, planting out in late spring of the following year[
Division in spring just before active growth begins[
]. Plants can also be divided in the autumn[