Angelica alpina Krock. ex Steud.
Angelica brachyradia Freyn
Angelica ebulifolia Lapeyr.
Angelica elata Velen.
Angelica elatior (Wahlenb.) Dalla Torre
Angelica flavescens Hoffm.
Angelica globifera Freyn
Angelica illyrica K.Malý
Angelica macrophylla Schur
Angelica major Lag.
Angelica minor Gilib.
Angelica montana Brot.
Angelica nemorosa Ten.
Angelica pancicii Vandas ex Velen.
Angelica pratensis J.Presl & C.Presl
Angelica razulii All.
Angelica reuteri Boiss.
Angelica ruthenica Schott ex Ledeb.
Angelica villosa Lag.
Angelophyllum dahuricum Rupr.
Archangelica major Lag.
Athamanta sylvestris Weber
Carum angelicifolium Baker
Imperatoria angelica Borkh. ex P.Gaertn.
Imperatoria flavescens Besser
Imperatoria montana DC.
Imperatoria sylvestris Lam.
Peucedanum angelicifolium Turcz.
Selinum agriangelica E.H.L.Krause
Selinum angelica Roth
Selinum pubescens Moench
Selinum silvestre Pourr. ex Nyman
Common Name: Wild Angelica
Flowering plant in native habitat. Note all the insects on the flowers.
Photograph by: Christian Fischer
Angelica sylvestris is a biennial to perennial, herbaceous plant with a stout stem, growing 80 - 200cm tall from a thick taproot[
The plant is harvested from the wild for mainly local use as a medicine and food.
The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
All members of this genus contain furocoumarins, which increase skin sensitivity to sunlight and may cause dermatitis[
Central and northern Europe; northern Asia - Siberia, northwestern China
Found mainly on base-rich soils in moist fields and hedgerows, open woods, marshes and fens, not usually found on acid soils[
]. Forest margins, damp grasslands, marshy areas, river banks; at elevations from 900 - 1,100 metres[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
|Pollinators||Bees, Flies, Beetles
Requires a deep moist fertile soil in dappled shade or full sun[
]. Succeeds in deep shade.
Plants are reliably perennial if they are prevented from setting seed[
Leaves, young shoots and stems - used as an aromatic addition to salads[
], or cooked and used as a vegetable[
]. The taste is somewhat bitter[
]. The chopped leaves are a good addition to cooked acid fruits, especially rhubarb[
The stem and leafstalks are used in candies and sweetmeats[
Seed - used as an aromatic flavouring in confections and pastries[
Root - cooked[
The root and the seeds are antispasmodic, aromatic, carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, stimulant, stomachic, and tonic[
]. This plant is less rich in active principles than Angelica archangelica and so is much less used medicinally than that species[
], but a decoction is sometimes used in the treatment of bronchial catarrh, coughs and dyspepsia[
]. Large doses have the effect of depressing the central nervous system[
The pulverized fruits are used to kill head parasites[
A good yellow dye is obtained from the plant (the report does not specify which part of the plant)[
Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe since the seed only has a short viability[
]. Seed can also be sown in the spring, though germination rates will be lower. It requires light for germination[
]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter, planting them out into their permanent positions in the spring.
The seed can also be sow in situ as soon as it is ripe.