Common Name: Giant Angelica
Angelica gigas is a herbaceous, perennial plant that can grow 100 - 200cm tall from a taproot that can be 2 - 5cm thick[
The plant is harvested from the wild for use as a medicine and a food.
All members of this genus contain furocoumarins, which increase skin sensitivity to sunlight and may cause dermatitis[
E. Asia - northeast China, Japan, Korea
Grassy places and open woods in the mountains[
]. In grasses, forests or by stream; at elevations around 1,000 metres[
Angelica gigas is hardy to about -20°c[
Species in this genus generally grow best in a deep moist fertile soil in dappled shade or full sun[
Plants flower in 2 years from seed[
] and are reliably perennial if prevented from setting seed[
Young leaves - cooked[
The roots are used in traditional Chinese medicine[
The root is used in Korea to treat anaemia, hemiplegia and women's diseases[
]. It contains a number of active compounds and has been shown to increase duodenum motility and have an anti-platelet aggregation action[
Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe since the seed only has a short viability[
]. Seed can also be sown in the spring, though germination rates will be lower. It requires light for germination[
]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter, planting them out into their permanent positions in the spring.
The seed can also be sow in situ as soon as it is ripe.