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Useful Temperate Plants

Anabasis aphylla

L.

Amaranthaceae

+ Synonyms

Anabasis tatarica Pall.

Common Name:

Anabasis aphylla
Drawings of the plant (Fig 2 - 5 only)
Photograph by: Flora of China Illustrations vol. 5, fig. 325, 2-5
Creative Commons License

General Information

Anabasis aphylla is a perennial plant with perennial, much-branched stems that become more or less woody and usually persist, plus green, annual stems that usually die back in winter. It can grow from 20 - 75cm tall[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].
The plant is harvsted from the wild on a commercial basis for the extraction of the alkaloid anabasine, which is used as an insecticide[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. The plant plays a valuable role in stabilizing sand dunes, and is sometimes planted for this purpose.

Known Hazards

The plant contains several alkaloids including anabasine, which is used as an insecticide. A few drops of this extracted alkaloid can be lethal for a human adult[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Botanical References

74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

Europe - Russia, through Asia to southwestern Siberia, central Asia and northern China.

Habitat

Gobi desert, inter-dunes, gravelly alluvial fans, sometimes on arid slopes[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
]. Solonetzes, solonetzic solonchaks, takyrs, solonchak Haloxylon communities, loess sierozems, sands with a high brackish watertable, and old irrigated crop fields[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitShrub
Height0.40 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Anabasis aphylla is a plant of arid and semi-arid regions. It can experience temperatures considerably below zero in its native habitat, but is likely to struggle from excessive moisture in regions with higher rainfall.
It is likely to prefer a well-drained soil and a sunny position[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant is used medicinally[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
]. No more information is given, but another report has shown that the plant has antimicrobial and antioxidant activities[
1069
Title
Phytochemical Screening, Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activities of Anabasis aphylla L. Extracts
Publication
Kragujevac Journal of Science 34 (2012) 71-78.
Author
Abollfazl Shakeri et al
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
A research paper
].

The plant has been shown to have a strong antimicrobial activity (which is relatively close to the standards (amoxicillin and ketoconazole), whilst a methanol extract of the green stems showed strong antioxidant activity[
1069
Title
Phytochemical Screening, Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activities of Anabasis aphylla L. Extracts
Publication
Kragujevac Journal of Science 34 (2012) 71-78.
Author
Abollfazl Shakeri et al
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
A research paper
]

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant often grows in dense communities and is valuable for stabilizing sand dunes in its native habitat. It is sometimes planted for this purpose[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Other Uses

The annual branches contain the alkaloid anabasine (C10H14N2), a botanical insecticide[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2019-12-08. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Anabasis+aphylla>

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