Anabasis aphylla is a perennial plant with perennial, much-branched stems that become more or less woody and usually persist, plus green, annual stems that usually die back in winter. It can grow from 20 - 75cm tall[
The plant is harvsted from the wild on a commercial basis for the extraction of the alkaloid anabasine, which is used as an insecticide[
]. The plant plays a valuable role in stabilizing sand dunes, and is sometimes planted for this purpose.
The plant contains several alkaloids including anabasine, which is used as an insecticide. A few drops of this extracted alkaloid can be lethal for a human adult[
Europe - Russia, through Asia to southwestern Siberia, central Asia and northern China.
Gobi desert, inter-dunes, gravelly alluvial fans, sometimes on arid slopes[
]. Solonetzes, solonetzic solonchaks, takyrs, solonchak Haloxylon communities, loess sierozems, sands with a high brackish watertable, and old irrigated crop fields[
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Anabasis aphylla is a plant of arid and semi-arid regions. It can experience temperatures considerably below zero in its native habitat, but is likely to struggle from excessive moisture in regions with higher rainfall.
It is likely to prefer a well-drained soil and a sunny position[
The plant is used medicinally[
]. No more information is given, but another report has shown that the plant has antimicrobial and antioxidant activities[
The plant has been shown to have a strong antimicrobial activity (which is relatively close to the standards (amoxicillin and ketoconazole), whilst a methanol extract of the green stems showed strong antioxidant activity[
The plant often grows in dense communities and is valuable for stabilizing sand dunes in its native habitat. It is sometimes planted for this purpose[
The annual branches contain the alkaloid anabasine (C10H14N2), a botanical insecticide[