If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Temperate Plants

Amianthium muscitoxicum

(Walter) A.Gray

Melanthiaceae

+ Synonyms

Amianthium macrotox Raf.

Anthericum subtrigynum Jacq.

Chrosperma laetum (Aiton) Raf.

Chrosperma muscitoxicum (Walter) Kuntze

Chrysosperma muscatoxicum (Walter) Kuntze

Crosperma laeta (Aiton) Raf.

Crosperma phalangioides (Desr.) Raf.

Endocles laetum (Aiton) Salisb.

Helonias erythrosperma Michx.

Helonias laeta (Aiton) Ker Gawl.

Leimanthium laetum (Aiton) Willd.

Leimanthium pallidum Willd.

Melanthium laetum Aiton

Melanthium muscitoxicum Walter

Melanthium myoctonum J.F.Gmel.

Melanthium phalangioides Desr.

Zigadenus muscitoxicum (Walter) Regel

Common Name: Fly Poison

Amianthium muscitoxicum
Flowering plant growing in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, USA.
Photograph by: homeredwardprice
Creative Commons License
Amianthium muscitoxicum Amianthium muscitoxicum

General Information

Amianthium muscitoxicum is a herbaceous perennial plant producing a cluster of lance-shaped leaves and an unbranched flowering stem up to 120cm tall from an underground bulb about 50mm long and 25mm wide. The bulb divides, forming in time a clump of growth with several flowering stems[
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and pesticide.

Known Hazards

All parts of the plant are highly toxic, containing the alkaloids jervine and amianthine[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
]

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.

Range

Eastern N. America - New York to Florida.

Habitat

Dry or mesic wooded slopes, meadows and savannahs; at elevations from sea level to 1,500 metres[
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitBulb
Height1.20 m
PollinatorsBeetles
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Prefers a deep rich moisture-retentive soil in partial shade[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Plants like plenty of moisture in the spring and summer when they are in full growth[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Grows well in a woodland garden[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses


Medicinal

Native Cherokee used the plant as a dermatological cure for itch[
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
].

Other Uses

Root extracts mixed with molasses or honey have been used as a housefly insecticide[
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[
134
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 2.
Publication
 
Author
Rice. G. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1988
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation. An interesting article on Ensete ventricosum.
]. The seed can also be sown in a cold frame in spring[
134
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 2.
Publication
 
Author
Rice. G. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1988
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation. An interesting article on Ensete ventricosum.
]. It usually germinates in 1 - 6 months at 15°c, but it can be erratic[
138
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Bird. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1989
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation.
]. Sow the seed thinly so that it does not need to be thinned and allow the seedlings to grow on undisturbed for their first year. Give an occasional liquid feed to ensure that the plants do not become nutrient deficient. When the plants are dormant in late summer, pot up the small bulbs putting 2 - 3 bulbs in each pot. Grow them on for another one or two years in a cold frame before planting them out when dormant in late summer.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2018-07-19. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Amianthium+muscitoxicum>

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.