This species is frequently confused with Allium montanum[
It is closely related to Allium nutans[
Allium andersonii G.Don
Allium angulosum minus Trevir. ex Ledeb.
Allium angulosum palustre Gaudin
Allium angulosum serotinum Gaudin
Allium baicalense Willd.
Allium danubiale Rchb. ex Kunth
Allium glaucum Schrad. ex Poir.
Allium glaucum subsp. Serotinum (Regel) K.Richt.
Allium illyricum Link & Otto ex Kunth
Allium kungii Nakai
Allium montanum serotinum (Regel) Nyman
Allium narcissifolium Scop.
Allium purpureum Salisb.
Allium serotinum Schleich. ex G.Don
Allium sessiliflorum Fisch. ex Regel
Cepa senescens (L.) Moench
Rhizirideum acutangulum Fourr.
Rhizirideum fallax Fourr.
Xylorhiza senescens (L.) Salisb.
Common Name: German Garlic
Allium senescens is a herbaceous, perennial plant producing 5 - 8 leaves 25 - 50cm long and a flowering scape 30 - 60cm tall from a single or paired underground bulbs growing on a short horizontal rhizome[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food. A very ornamental plant[
Although no individual reports regarding this species have been seen, there have been cases of poisoning caused by the consumption, in very large quantities and by some mammals, of certain members of this genus. Dogs seem to be particularly susceptible[
Asia - Kazakhstan, southern Siberia, Russian Far East, Mongolia, China, Korea
Dry, usually rocky places[
]. Forests, dry stony slopes, steppes, saline meadows and gravelly places at elevations of 500 - 800 metres in northern China[
|Pollinators||Bees, Flies, Beetles, Lepidoptera, Self
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Prefers a sunny position in a light well-drained soil[
]. Established plants are fairly drought tolerant[
The bulbs should be planted fairly deeply[
]. Most members of this genus are intolerant of competition from other growing plants[
Bulb - raw or cooked[
]. An onion substitute[
]. The small bulbs are formed in clusters on a rhizome and are up to 10mm in diameter[
]. The bulbs are 10 - 20mm in diameter[
Leaves - raw or cooked[
]. A fairly strong onion flavour with a slight bitterness, but acceptable raw[
]. We use them in salads or as a flavouring in cooked foods[
Flowers - raw or cooked. An attractive garnish in salads[
Although no specific mention of medicinal uses has been seen for this species, members of this genus are in general very healthy additions to the diet. They contain sulphur compounds (which give them their onion flavour) and when added to the diet on a regular basis they help reduce blood cholesterol levels, act as a tonic to the digestive system and also tonify the circulatory system[
Allium species usually grow well with most plants, especially roses, carrots, beet and chamomile, but they inhibit the growth of legumes[
]. They are, in general, bad companions for alfalfa - each species negatively affecting the other[
Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[
Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, the juice of most species in this genus (especially those with a strong onion or garlic smell) can be used as a moth repellent[
The whole plant is said to repel insects and moles[
Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle - if you want to produce clumps more quickly then put three plants in each pot. Grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter and plant them out into their permanent positions in spring once they are growing vigorously and are large enough.
Division in spring. Very easy, the plants divide successfully at any time in the growing season and the divisions can be planted straight out into their permanent positions if required.