Allium album Spreng.
Allium triquetrum Sebast. & Mauri
Allium triquetrum pendulinum (Ten.) Regel
Nectaroscordum pendulinum (Ten.) Galasso & Banfi
Common Name: Italian Garlic
Allium pendulinum is a herbaceous, perennial plant producing two leaves up to 25cm long and a flowering scape 6 - 25cm tall from an underground bulb[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food.
There is currently insufficient information available to evaluate this species. The plant is classified as 'Data Deficient' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
Although no individual reports regarding this species have been seen, there have been cases of poisoning caused by the consumption, in large quantities and by some mammals, of certain members of this genus. Dogs seem to be particularly susceptible[
Mediterranean - France, Italy, Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily.
Shady damp locations and woods[
|Conservation Status||Data Deficient
Allium pendulinum is native to the Mediterranean region, with its hot, dry summers and cool, moist winters. It can tolerate winter temperatures dipping occasionally to between -5 and -10°c but, even in well-drained soils, can be killed by excessive wet. It generally does well outside the Mediterranean, so long as the winters are not too cold for it[
Prefers a sunny position in a light well-drained soil[
]. Succeeds in light shade, growing well in light woodland[
Closely related to Allium triquetrum[
] - although we have found no written records of its edibility, it can be used in all the same ways as Allium triquetrum[
The bulbs should be planted fairly deeply[
]. Most members of this genus are intolerant of competition from other growing plants[
Bulb - raw or cooked[
]. The bulbs are up to 10mm in diameter[
Leaves - raw or cooked[
Flowers - raw. Used as a garnish on salads.
Although no specific mention of medicinal uses has been seen for this species, members of this genus are in general very healthy additions to the diet. They contain sulphur compounds (which give them their onion flavour) and when added to the diet on a regular basis they help reduce blood cholesterol levels, act as a tonic to the digestive system and also tonify the circulatory system[
Allium species usually grow well with most plants, especially roses, carrots, beet and chamomile, but they inhibit the growth of legumes[
]. They are, in general, bad companions for alfalfa - each species negatively affecting the other[
Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[
Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, the juice of most species in this genus (especially those with a strong onion or garlic smell) can be used as a moth repellent[
The whole plant is said to repel insects and moles[
Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle - if you want to produce clumps more quickly then put three plants in each pot. Grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter and plant them out into their permanent positions in spring once they are growing vigorously and are large enough.
Division in spring. The plants divide successfully at any time in the growing season, pot up the divisions in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are growing well and then plant them out into their permanent positions.