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Useful Temperate Plants

Allium macranthum

Baker

Amaryllidaceae

+ Synonyms

Allium oviflorum Regel

Allium simethis H.Lév.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Allium macranthum is a herbaceous, perennial plant growing from a bulbous rootstock. It produces a cluster of grass-like leaves 15 - 45cm long and a flowering spathe 20 - 45cm tall. The plant spreads slowly by means of a rhizome, eventually forming a cluster of growth[
203
Title
Alliums. The Ornamental Onions.
Publication
 
Author
Davies. D.
Publisher
Batsford
Year
1992
ISBN
0-7134-7030-5
Description
Covers about 200 species of Alliums. A very short section on their uses, good details of their cultivation needs.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine. It is sometimes sold as a food in local markets, often in the form of dried and powdered leaves. The plant is sometimes grown as an ornamental[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].

Known Hazards

Although no individual reports regarding this species have been seen, there have been cases of poisoning caused by the consumption, in large quantities and by some mammals, of certain members of this genus. Dogs seem to be particularly susceptible[
76
Title
Poisonous Plants in Britain and their Effects on Animals and Man.
Publication
 
Author
Cooper. M. and Johnson. A.
Publisher
HMSO
Year
1984
ISBN
0112425291
Description
Concentrates mainly on the effects of poisonous plants to livestock.
].

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - China, northeast India (Himalayas)

Habitat

Meadows, stream banks, damp places; at elevations from 2,700 - 4,200 metres[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitBulb
Height0.30 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


An easily grown plant, succeeding in most, moist, well-drained soils in a sunny position[
203
Title
Alliums. The Ornamental Onions.
Publication
 
Author
Davies. D.
Publisher
Batsford
Year
1992
ISBN
0-7134-7030-5
Description
Covers about 200 species of Alliums. A very short section on their uses, good details of their cultivation needs.
].

Edible Uses

Leaves - raw or cooked. Used as a vegetable and flavouring. The leaves are sometimes dried and powdered for use as a flavouring[
1146
Title
Ethnobotanical Notes on Allium Species of Arunachal Pradesh, India
Publication
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge Vol 13 (3) July 2014 pp 606-612
Author
Ashalata Devi; K. Rakshit; B. Sarania et al
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
Information on the traditional uses of nine Allium species from Arunachal Pradesh
].

Bulb - raw or cooked.

Flowers - raw or cooked.

Medicinal

The leaves, bulbs and roots are used to treat a range of common health problems including coughs and colds, skin rashes[
1146
Title
Ethnobotanical Notes on Allium Species of Arunachal Pradesh, India
Publication
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge Vol 13 (3) July 2014 pp 606-612
Author
Ashalata Devi; K. Rakshit; B. Sarania et al
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
Information on the traditional uses of nine Allium species from Arunachal Pradesh
].

Agroforestry Uses:

Allium species usually grow well with most plants, especially roses, carrots, beet and chamomile, but they inhibit the growth of legumes[
18
Title
Companion Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Philbrick H. and Gregg R. B.
Publisher
Watkins
Year
1979
ISBN
-
Description
Details of beneficial and antagonistic relationships between neighbouring plants.
,
20
Title
Companion Planting for Successful Gardening.
Publication
 
Author
Riotte. L.
Publisher
Garden Way, Vermont, USA.
Year
1978
ISBN
0-88266-064-0
Description
Fairly good.
,
54
Title
How to Enjoy your Weeds.
Publication
 
Author
Hatfield. A. W.
Publisher
Frederick Muller Ltd
Year
1977
ISBN
0-584-10141-4
Description
Interesting reading.
]. They are, in general, bad companions for alfalfa - each species negatively affecting the other[
201
Title
A - Z of Companion Planting.
Publication
 
Author
Allardice.P.
Publisher
Cassell Publishers Ltd.
Year
1993
ISBN
0-304-34324-2
Description
A well produced and very readable book.
].
Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[
233
Title
Perennial Garden Plants
Publication
 
Author
Thomas. G. S.
Publisher
J. M. Dent & Sons, London.
Year
1990
ISBN
0 460 86048 8
Description
A concise guide to a wide range of perennials. Lots of cultivation guides, very little on plant uses.
].

Other Uses

Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, the juice of most species in this genus (especially those with a strong onion or garlic smell) can be used as a moth repellent[
20
Title
Companion Planting for Successful Gardening.
Publication
 
Author
Riotte. L.
Publisher
Garden Way, Vermont, USA.
Year
1978
ISBN
0-88266-064-0
Description
Fairly good.
].
The whole plant is said to repel insects and moles[
20
Title
Companion Planting for Successful Gardening.
Publication
 
Author
Riotte. L.
Publisher
Garden Way, Vermont, USA.
Year
1978
ISBN
0-88266-064-0
Description
Fairly good.
].

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle - if you want to produce clumps more quickly then put three plants in each pot. Grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter and plant them out into their permanent positions in spring once they are growing vigorously and are large enough.
Division of the cluster, preferably when the plant is dormant.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2021-03-08. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Allium+macranthum>

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