Agrimonia conopsea Czern. ex C.A.Mey.
Agrimonia convergens Czern. ex Juz.
Agrimonia dahurica Willd. ex Ser.
Agrimonia davurica (Link) Schltdl. ex Ledeb.
Agrimonia eupatoria auct.
Agrimonia eupatoria dahurica Fisch. ex Link
Agrimonia eupatoria daurica Link
Agrimonia eupatoria japonica (Miq.) Masam.
Agrimonia eupatoria nepalensis (D.Don) Kuntze
Agrimonia eupatoria pilosa (Ledeb.) Klinge
Agrimonia glabrata Spreng. ex C.A.Mey.
Agrimonia godetiana Andrz.
Agrimonia japonica (Miq.) Koidz.
Agrimonia lanata Wall.
Agrimonia nepalensis D.Don
Agrimonia obtusifolia A.I.Baranov & Skvortsov
Agrimonia striata pilosa (Ledeb.) Rumjantsev
Agrimonia suffrutescens Cardot
Agrimonia viscidula Bunge
Agrimonia zeylandica Hand.-Mazz.
Common Name: Hairy Agrimony
Photograph by: KENPEI
Photograph by: KENPEI
Photograph by: yamatsu
Developing seed burrs
Photograph by: harum.koh
Agrimonia pilosa is a herbaceous, perennial plant producing one or more, erect, branched stems 30 - 120cm tall from a short, usually tuberous rootstock[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and a food.
Europe - Finland, Russia, Ukraine, Romania, east through Russian Asia to China, Japan, Korea, Indian subcontinent, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam
Meadows and roadsides in lowland and mountains all over Japan[
]. Forest undergrowth and shady places by the sides of roads at elevations of 1,000 - 3,000 metres in Nepal[
|Pollinators||Bees, Flies, Self
Agrimonia pilosa has a very wide range from northern and eastern Europe, through northern Asia to Japan and south to the mountains of Indo-China. It should succeed in most regions of the temperate zone and also at higher elevations in the subtropics and tropics.
Succeeds in most soils, preferring a calcareous soil[
]. Prefers a sunny position[
Young leaves - cooked[
Seed - dried and ground into a meal[
]. Mixed with noodles[
]. Harvesting and preparing the seeds (the burrs need to be removed) is time-consuming and so the seeds would probably have been seen mainly as a famine food[
The stems and the leaves are analgesic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, astringent, cardiotonic, haemostatic, hypoglycaemic, taenicide and vasoconstrictor[
]. The plant is used in the treatment of abdominal pain, sore throat, headaches, bloody and mucoid dysentery, bloody and white discharge and heat-stroke[
]. It is used in Korea to treat parasitic worms, bois and ezema[
The leaves are rich in vitamin K and are used to promote blood clotting and control bleeding[
The root ia astringent, diuretic and tonic[
]. It is used in the treatment of coughs, colds, tuberculosis and diarrhoea[
]. The root juice is used in the treatment of peptic ulcer[
]. A paste of the root is used to treat stomach ache[
Plants are harvested as they come into flower and can be dried for later use[
The plant contains agrimonin, this is haemostatic, cardiotonic and lowers blood sugar, though it can also produce palpitations and congestion of the blood in the face[
Seed - can be sown in spring or autumn, either in pots in a cold frame or in situ. It usually germinates in 2 - 6 weeks at 13°c[
], though germination rates can be low, especially if the seed has been stored[
]. A period of cold stratification helps but is not essential. When grown in pots, prick out the seedlings when they are large enough to handle and plant them out in late spring or early summer.
Division in autumn[
]. Very easy, the divisions can be planted straight out into their permanent positions.