Adonis barthei Franch.
Adonis vernalis amurensis (Regel & Radde) Regel & Radde
Chrysocyathus amurensis (Regel & Radde) Holub
Plant coming into flower even before the leaves unfurl at Gothenburg botanical garden
Photograph by: Averater
Adonis amurensis is a herbaceous, clump-forming perennial plant producing one or more usually unbranched stems 5 - 15cm tall at flowering from a short, thick rhizome. The stems lengthen to 40cm as the seed develops[
A very ornamental plant, often cultivated in the garden.
Plants will often self-sow in the garden, though we have yet to find any reports of them becoming a weed outside their native range.
Although no specific mention of toxicity has been seen for this plant, it belongs to a genus that contains a number of poisonous plants so the following remarks are likely to apply to this species - a toxic principle is present in very small quantities in the plant. It is poorly absorbed so poisoning is unlikely.
E. Asia - Russian Far East (Amur to Primorye), northern China, Japan and Korea.
Found in mountains[
]. Forests and grassy slopes in E Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning provinces, China[
|Pollinators||Bees, Flies, Beetles
Grows well in ordinary garden soil and in the light shade of shrubs[
]. Prefers a sunny position and a humus-rich soil[
]. Prefers a moist well-drained soil in sun or semi-shade[
A greedy plant inhibiting the growth of nearby plants, especially legumes[
Plants take about 4 years from seed to flowering[
Plants can commence flowering very early in the year, often even before the snow has melted[
The root is cardiotonic[
The whole plant is an effective diuretic and tranquilliser[
Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe or else it can be slow to germinate[
]. Sow the seed in partial shade in rich soil in late summer or early spring[
]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow the plants on for their first winter in a cold frame. Plant out in late spring or early summer.
Division in early spring or in autumn. The divisions can be difficult to establish[
], so it is probably best to pot them up first and keep them in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are growing away actively.