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Useful Temperate Plants

Adonis aestivalis

L.

Ranunculaceae


This species is very closely related to Adonis annua[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

+ Synonyms

Adonis ambigua Gaudin

Adonis annua phoenicea L.

Adonis autumnalis M.Bieb.

Adonis bienertii Butkov ex Riedl.

Adonis citrina Hoffm.

Adonis crinita Hoffm.

Adonis cristata Stapf

Adonis dentata provincialis DC.

Adonis flammea Schleich. ex Steud.

Adonis flava Vill.

Adonis inermis Stapf

Adonis inglisii Royle

Adonis linnaei Sennen

Adonis maculata Wallr.

Adonis marginata Bienert ex Hook.f.

Adonis micrantha DC.

Adonis miniata Jacq.

Adonis parviflora Fisch. ex DC.

Adonis polymorpha Zumagl.

Adonis scrobiculata Boiss..

Adonis squarrosa Steven

Cosmarium aestivale Dulac

Common Name: Pheasant's Eye

Adonis aestivalis
Specimen of the flowering plant, showing the taproot
Photograph by: Steve Dewey, Utah State University, United States
Creative Commons License
Adonis aestivalis Adonis aestivalis Adonis aestivalis Adonis aestivalis Adonis aestivalis Adonis aestivalis

General Information

Adonis aestivalis is an erect, annual plant producing a branched, leafy stem 15 - 30cm tall.
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local medicinal use.
The plant often grows as a weed of cultivated land and waste land.

Known Hazards

A toxic principle is present in very small quantities in the plant[
13
Title
Hamlyn Encyclopaedia of Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Triska. Dr.
Publisher
Hamlyn
Year
1975
ISBN
0-600-33545-3
Description
Very interesting reading, giving some details of plant uses and quite a lot of folk-lore.
,
19
Title
Poisonous Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Stary. F.
Publisher
Hamlyn
Year
1983
ISBN
0-600-35666-3
Description
Not very comprehensive, but easy reading.
,
65
Title
A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Frohne. D. and Pfänder. J.
Publisher
Wolfe
Year
1984
ISBN
0723408394
Description
Brilliant. Goes into technical details but in a very readable way. The best work on the subject that I've come across so far.
]. It is poorly absorbed so poisoning is unlikely[
65
Title
A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Frohne. D. and Pfänder. J.
Publisher
Wolfe
Year
1984
ISBN
0723408394
Description
Brilliant. Goes into technical details but in a very readable way. The best work on the subject that I've come across so far.
].
The plant contains aconitic acid, adonitol and coumarin. Taken in excess these have been shown to cause colic, convulsions, dyspnea and hypertension[
1314
Title
Toxic effect of some medicinal plants used in Moroccan traditional medicine
Publication
Moroccan J. Biol. 2-3 (2006) 21-30
Author
Mohamed Bnouham; Fatima Zahra Merhfour; Mostafa Elachoui; Ab
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is poisonous to horses[
240
Title
Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement).
Publication
 
Author
Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C.
Publisher
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi.
Year
1986
ISBN
-
Description
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
].

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

Range

N. Africa - Algeria; Europe - from Poland to Spain, westwards through west and central Asia to western China, northern India, Nepal

Habitat

A weed of cornfields, usually on calcareous soils.

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Medicinal Rating *
HabitAnnual
Height0.30 m
PollinatorsBees, Flies, Beetles
Self-fertileYes
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Grows well in ordinary garden soil[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
]. Prefers a moist well-drained soil in sun or semi-shade[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
A greedy plant inhibiting the growth of nearby plants, especially legumes[
54
Title
How to Enjoy your Weeds.
Publication
 
Author
Hatfield. A. W.
Publisher
Frederick Muller Ltd
Year
1977
ISBN
0-584-10141-4
Description
Interesting reading.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant is antirheumatic, cardiotonic, diuretic, emmenagogue, sedative and stimulant[
13
Title
Hamlyn Encyclopaedia of Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Triska. Dr.
Publisher
Hamlyn
Year
1975
ISBN
0-600-33545-3
Description
Very interesting reading, giving some details of plant uses and quite a lot of folk-lore.
,
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
61
Title
A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man.
Publication
 
Author
Usher. G.
Publisher
Constable
Year
1974
ISBN
0094579202
Description
Forget the sexist title, this is one of the best books on the subject. Lists a very extensive range of useful plants from around the world with very brief details of the uses. Not for the casual reader.
,
1314
Title
Toxic effect of some medicinal plants used in Moroccan traditional medicine
Publication
Moroccan J. Biol. 2-3 (2006) 21-30
Author
Mohamed Bnouham; Fatima Zahra Merhfour; Mostafa Elachoui; Ab
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. It is used in the treatment of asthma and epilepsy[
1314
Title
Toxic effect of some medicinal plants used in Moroccan traditional medicine
Publication
Moroccan J. Biol. 2-3 (2006) 21-30
Author
Mohamed Bnouham; Fatima Zahra Merhfour; Mostafa Elachoui; Ab
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. Some caution is advised in the use of this remedy, see the notes above on toxicity.

The flowers are considered to be diuretic, laxative and lithontripic[
240
Title
Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement).
Publication
 
Author
Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C.
Publisher
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi.
Year
1986
ISBN
-
Description
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - best sown in situ as soon as it is ripe in the autumn[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
], though it can also be sown in situ in the spring[
134
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 2.
Publication
 
Author
Rice. G. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1988
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation. An interesting article on Ensete ventricosum.
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2019-07-22. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Adonis+aestivalis>

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