Adenophora alpini (L.) Borbás ex Prain
Adenophora communis Fisch.
Adenophora cordata Tausch ex B.D.Jacks.
Adenophora fischeri (Schult.) G.Don
Adenophora intermedia (Schult.) Sweet
Adenophora liliifolia (L.) Besser
Adenophora marsupiiflora pilosa Korsh.
Adenophora mikoi (Borbás) Borbás ex Prain
Adenophora periplocifolia (Lam.) A.DC.
Adenophora perpallens (Borbás) Prain
Adenophora polymorpha Ledeb.
Adenophora rhomboidea Prain
Adenophora setulosa Borbás
Adenophora stylosa (Lam.) Fisch.
Adenophora suaveolens (Gilib.) Mey.
Adenophora suaveolens (Schrad. ex Hornem.) Rchb.
Campanula alpini L.
Campanula cordata Tausch
Campanula fischeri Schult.
Campanula intermedia Schult.
Campanula liliflora Roth
Campanula liliifolia L.
Campanula mikoi Borbás
Campanula periplocifolia Lam.
Campanula perpallens Borbás
Campanula rhomboidea Borbás
Campanula spreta Schult.
Campanula stylosa Lam.
Campanula suaveolens Gilib.
Campanula suaveolens Schrad. ex Hornem.
Campanula subuniflora Lam.
Campanula umbrosa F.Dietr.
Common Name: Ladybells
Adenophora liliifolia is an erect, herbaceous, perennial plant producing one or more simple or branched stems 50 - 150cm tall. The stems grow from a carrot-shaped rootstock around 8 - 10cm long and 1 - 2cm wide[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food. It has at times been cultivated for its edible root in Japan[
], and is also grown as an ornamental.
Europe from the Baltic through central ro southeastern Europe; Russian Federation from Europe to western Siberia; northern Cina.
Woods and damp fields[
]. Forests and scrub in northeastern China[
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
Species in this genus are usually reliably hardy at temperatures down to at least -15°c, perhaps even lower if the soil is well-drained[
Prefers a light rich slightly alkaline soil that is not too dry, and a warm sunny position[
]. Although it prefers a moist, organically rich soil, it is easily grown in most well-drained soils, succeeding in full sun to part shade[
Plants are intolerant of root disturbance and should be planted out into their permanent positions when young[
The flowers have a sweet but refreshing perfume[
]. This is the only member of the genus with scented flowers[
The young growth is extremely attractive to slugs, they have been known to destroy even mature plants[
Root - cooked. Thick and esculent[
]. A dry flesh with a sweetish flavour[
]. Eaten boiled and in soups etc[
]. The root can be 8 - 10cm long and 1 - 2cm wide[
Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe[
]. The seed can also be sown in spring. Surface sow 2 - 3 seeds per pot in the spring in order to avoid transplanting[
]. We have found that if transplanted when very small seedlings grow away without difficulty[
]. Germinates in 1 - 3 months at 10°c[
]. Plant out into their permanent positions whilst young.
Basal cuttings in spring[