Achillea acuminata Freyn
Achillea dracunculoides Desf.
Achillea fragilis Balb. ex DC.
Achillea grandis Fisch. ex Herd
Achillea ircutiana Sch.Bip.
Achillea lenensis Turcz. ex DC.
Achillea leucanthema Pers.
Achillea linearis Steud.
Achillea maxima Heimerl
Achillea multiplex P.Renault
Achillea partheniflora Fisch. ex Herder
Achillea serrulata Hornem.
Achillea sylvestris Gray
Alitubus pyrenaicus Dulac
Chamaemelum ptarmica (L.) E.H.L.Krause
Chrysanthemum ptarmicifolium Puschk. ex Willd.
Common Name: Sneeze-Wort
Ahillea ptarmica is a perennial plant producing a cluster of flowering stems up to 60cm tall from underground rhizomes. The plant forms a spreading mat of growth and can be somewhat invasive[
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and insect repellent. It is sometimes cultivated as an ornamental, especially the cultivar 'The Pearl'.
Europe, including Britain but excluding the Mediterranean, east to Siberia and W. Asia.
Damp meadows, marshes and by streams[
]. Roadsides, disturbed sites, open fields and pastures, in sandy or gravelly soils or in moist to drying silty soils from sea level to 2,400 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Pollinators||Bees, Flies, Self
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Hardy to at least -25°c[
Succeeds in most soils but prefers a moist well-drained soil. Tolerant of some shade, but grows better in a sunny position[
]. Plants succeed in maritime gardens[
]. They live longer when growing in a poor soil[
]. The plant has a spreading root system and can be very invasive[
There are some named varieties, selected for their ornamental value[
Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[
Leaves - raw or cooked[
]. Used as a flavouring in salads[
The plant is cardiac, diaphoretic, digestive, emmenagogue, odontalgic, sternutatory, styptic[
The leaf is chewed to relieve toothache[
The dried, powdered leaves are used as a sneezing powder[
Yields an essential oil that is used medicinally[
]. The report does not say what part of the plant the oil is obtained from, it is most likely to be the leaves harvested just before flowering[
The leaves are used as an insect repellent[
Seed - sow spring or early autumn in a cold frame[
]. The seed usually germinates in 1 - 3 months[
]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer.
Division in spring or autumn. Very easy, the divisions can be planted direct into their permanent positions.
Basal cuttings of new shoots in spring. Very easy, collect the shoots when they are about 10cm tall, potting them up individually in pots and keeping them in a warm but lightly shaded position. They should root within 3 weeks and will be ready to plant out in the summer.